Manuscript Resources on the History of New Orleans in the Civil War

This guide to manuscript holdings at LSU on the history of New Orleans during the Civil War covers such topics as sea voyages of sailors to New Orleans; slaves as laborers and military recruits; the 1862 fall of New Orleans to Union forces; the Union occupation of New Orleans; and the Port Hudson campaign. Materials include military documents, correspondence, diaries, newspaper clippings, and photographs. These manuscript items include the records of Union and Confederate soldiers, residents of New Orleans, and organizations such as the United Confederate Veterans.

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1st United States Infantry Regiment of Louisiana Volunteer Corps d'Afrique, Company II. Muster roll, 1863. 1 item (21 x 30.5 in.). Location: VAULT:72. In April 1863 Brigadier General Daniel Ullman was sent by the U.S. War Department to New Orleans, Louisiana, to raise a brigade of African-American troops; Major General Nathaniel P. Banks, at Opelousas, proposed the formation of the Corps d'Afrique. Muster roll identifies Edward Carter as captain, Spencer H. Stafford as colonel, and the regiment's sergeants, corporals, musicians, a teamster, and privates. Soldiers are listed by their names, and further description includes rank, time and location of enrollment, time and location mustered into service, and pay roll information. Most soldiers enrolled and were mustered in at New Orleans, while others were at Baton Rouge, St. Mary Parish, Bayou Ramos, Fort Jackson, Fort St. Leon, and Thompson Creek. Verso of item also contains lists of deceased, discharged, deserted, and resigned soldiers in the regiment. Several soldiers are listed as being killed in action before Port Hudson. Muster roll covers the period from July 1 to August 31, 1863, while pay roll covers the period from June 30 to September 1, 1863. Mss. 5379.

Paxson, Charles, died 1880. A slave girl from New Orleans carte-de-visite, circa 1864. 1 photograph. Location: MISC:S. Charles Paxson was a photographer in New York during the 1860s. He created carte-de-visite photographs and was one of a few photographers who took photographs of emancipated slaves for Major General Nathaniel P. Banks' campaign to raise funds for emancipated slaves in Louisiana. The carte-de-visite, titled "A Slave Girl from New Orleans" (1864), features the image of a very Caucasian looking African American, Rebecca, from New Orleans. Rebecca was a recently emancipated slave of her white father from New Orleans. New Orleans was under the command of the Union Army's Major General Nathaniel P. Banks. Rebecca was one of eight slaves from New Orleans to tour the North and raise funds for Banks' work in Louisiana. Carte-de-visites, like this one, were sold to raise that money and the back of the carte-de-visite states the sales money was "devoted to the education of colored people in the department of the Gulf." Mss. 5102.

Agenda commercial de la Louisiane pour l'année, 1858-1877. 1 item. Location: Misc:A. Printed French journal book (1858) contains notes on the progress of the Civil War and the 'Trent Affair', a diplomatic incident between the U.S. and Great Britain. Other topics include poetry; songs; partial plays in commedia dell'arte style; notes on Renaissance Italian history and notes on Daniel Deronda by George Eliot. Also included are listings for businesses and consulates in New Orleans, and public officials in Paris. Alternate title: Anonymous manuscript volume. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3545.

Allen, William M. Correspondence, 1858-1863. 22 items. Location: E:3. Farmer of Holmesville, Pike County, Mississippi. His sister, Letty, and her husband, John Houston, owned a farm in Minden, Webster Parish, Louisiana. William and his brother Felix were Confederate soldiers in the Mississippi Volunteers. Pre-Civil War letters from Houston discuss farming conditions, his advocacy of secession, and local social events. Civil War letters to Allen describe skirmishes in Kentucky and Louisiana, and war news such as the shelling of Port Hudson, Louisiana. Family affairs, illness and remedies, and attendance at the New Orleans School of Medicine are other topics in the letters. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 1. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 701, 2287.

Andrews, George L. (George Leonard), 1828-1899. Papers, 1863-1865. 9 items. Location: Misc:A. Union brigadier general in the Civil War. Andrews was appointed commander of the Department of the Gulf in 1863 and assumed command of the Port Hudson, Louisiana, post in 1864. Correspondence from Andrews to his wife deals with the surrender of Port Hudson (1863) and his duties as commander of the post. Two letters describe conditions in New Orleans, Louisiana immediately after the war. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3067.

Andry, M. T. (Michel Thomassin), 1811-ca. 1871. Family Papers, 1840-1882 (bulk 1858-1879). 0.3 linear ft. (199 items). Location: UU:66. Sugar planter of St. John the Baptist and St. Charles parishes, Louisiana, and resident of New Orleans. Collection includes correspondence and legal and financial papers. Letters received by Andry's daughter Rosa from his sons describe their participation in the Battle of Shiloh, campaigns in Kentucky, and skirmishes at Camp Beauregard in the Civil War. Partly in French. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 1. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1318.

Anonymous Confederate letter, 1861 July 3. 1 item. Location: Misc:A Letter written from New Orleans, Louisiana describing a method of blocking the Mississippi River to federal military boats. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2899.

Anonymous letter from New Orleans, 1861 March 28. 1 item. Location: Misc:A. Personal letter from 'Georgie,' New Orleans, Louisiana, to 'Caroline,' relating family news and social activities. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 636.

Referenced in Guides: Women, New Orleans in the Civil War

Anonymous letter from New Orleans, 1864 November 15. 1 item. Location: Misc.A. Letter from Sarah, apparently a young girl and resident of New Orleans, Louisiana, written upon her return from a trip to New York City, commenting on a minstrel show in New Orleans, Louisiana, and expressing interest in the New York presidential election returns. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1418.

Anonymous New Orleans scrapbook, 1855-1867. 1 volume. Location: H:10. Scrapbook of newspaper clippings, mainly of poems published in New Orleans papers, and sentimental engravings. Items are glued over ledger entries (1855-1857). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3012.

Anonymous New Orleans scrapbook, 1861-1936. 2 volumes on 1 microfilm reel. Location: Mss.Mf:A. Miscellaneous newspaper clippings collected mainly from newspapers in New Orleans and Natchez include materials relative to Reconstruction, the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson, the Chicago fire of 1871, and steamboats. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2554.

Anonymous soldier letter, 1863 September 24. 1 item. Location: Misc:A. A letter written by a Union soldier in Louisiana during the Civil War describes his unit's march from New Orleans, La., to the Bayou Teche country. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2588.

Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss, 1816-1894. Letterpress copybook, 1863-1864. 1 vol. Location: B:12. Congressman, governor of Massachusetts, and general in command of the Union Gulf Department in the Civil War. Letterpress copybook of official letters written by Banks from his headquarters, Department of the Gulf, New Orleans, during fall 1863 and early winter 1864. Letters comment on civilian life in New Orleans, freed slaves, and the cotton trade. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2326.

Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss,1816-1894. General orders, 1864 September 7. 1 printed item. Location: E:74. General Orders No. 122, issued by George B. Drake, Headquarters, Department of the Gulf, New Orleans, outlining wage schedules for white and black laborers and mechanics in army employment. Part of the United States Army Collection. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3032.

Barel, Leona Queyrouze, 1861?-1938. Papers, 1800-1950 (bulk 1860-1937). 2,614 items, 31 printed vols., 23 ms. vols. Location: X:96-101, OS:Q, 99:Q, Q:27. French-language writer, poet, essayist, and musician of New Orleans and New York City. Her father, Major Leon Queyrouze, was commander of the Orleans Guard Battalion during the Civil War. Papers include letters from writers and editors; literary writings and musical compositions; materials on the Anti-Lottery League; and Civil War and business papers of her father, a member of the factors' firm Queyrouze and Bois. In French and English. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reels 18-26. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1204, 1222, 1278, 1314, 1323, 1335.

Barrow, C. J. Certificate, 1865. Location: Misc:B. Confederate soldier and member of the Washington Artillery, a New Orleans-based unit in the Civil War. Certificate of Barrow's service in the Washington Artillery, during which he was wounded at Resaca and Peach Tree Creek, both in 1864. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans in the Civil War

Bass-Farrar Family Papers, 1827-1918 (bulk: 1829-1843, 1858-1867) 0.5 linear ft. Location: OS:B, R:41, VAULT:4. Papers of the Bass, Farrar, and Richardson families from Tensas Parish, La. and vicinity. Includes material on family matters, personal and professional activities, maintenance and overseeing of cotton plantations before and after the Civil War, life along the Mississippi River, life in Civil War Louisiana, and slavery. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4907.

Bassich, John, Jr. Account Book, 1854-1916. 1 volume. Location: N:1. John Bassich, Jr. was an attorney at law and a notary public in New Orleans. This account book records interactions with clients, including the information about their specific claims.

Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893. Family Papers, 1818-1912 (bulk 1850-1880). 671 items, 106 vols. (13 ms. vols., 93 printed vols.). Location: U:10-12, F:3, OS:B. American army officer, Confederate general during the Civil War, and superintendent of the New Custom House in New Orleans. Collection includes paper and items of financial, legal, political, and personal interest. Other items include recipes; scrapbooks; pamphlets; photographs; notebooks; and some papers of the Cenas family. Included are papers on New Orleans related to railroad, improvement, and other city projects. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 601.

Beebe, William S. Papers, 1864 April 17-June 14. 2 items. Location: Misc:B. Union lieutenant, chief of ordnance in the field and assistant chief of ordnance at Headquarters, Department of the Gulf, in New Orleans. Letter from Louisiana in 2 parts. Part 1 from Grand Ecore mentions Beebe taking prisoners in a battle, 'poor Sanderson's' death, and General Stone's departure from the field. Part 2 from Alexandria describes leading his regiment and taking enemy ground. Included is a copy of a letter of General N. P. Banks recommending Beebe to Andrew G. Curtin, governor of Pennsylvania. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3302.

Bell, William R., ca. 1814-1874. Papers, 1842-1941 (bulk 1842-1874). 78 items, 2 vols. Location: C:6. Native of Scotland, mortician, and owner of Union Stables in New Orleans. Business papers document Bell's stable and mortuary and include transactions with Union soldiers occupying New Orleans. Correspondence with his family discusses economic conditions and the Civil War. Collection includes a photograph of Bell. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2117, 2118.

Bertoli, Nicolas. Family Papers, 1807-1863 (bulk 1835-1855). 22 items. Location: U:20. Resident of New Orleans. Succession papers of Nicholas Bertoli and passports for J. B. Bertoli, merchant. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 721, 737.

Betts, Ephraim. Diaries, 1862 Sept. 2-1864 Feb. 19. 4 items (2 ms. Vols.). Location: J:13, Mss. Mf.:B. Sergeant in the 114th New York Volunteers during the Civil War. Diaries describe Betts' journey from New York to New Orleans, camp life, the assault on Port Hudson. The Confederate surrender, the Sabine Pass Expedition, and events on the boat back to New York. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3433.

Bishop Polk Benevolent Society. Record book, 1862, 1865-1868. 3 items, 1 ms. vol. Location: Misc.:B., M:20. Treasurer's book for benevolent societies at Trinity Church, New Orleans. Entries record the receipts and expenditures of the Benevolent Society. Entries for 1862 give the officers of the 'Ladies Society for the Promotion of Christian Objects.' For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 772.

Boggs, William R., 1829-1911. Reminiscences, 1891. 3 items [photocopies]. Brigadier general of the Confederate army and chief of staff of the Trans-Mississippi Department from November 1862 until the end of the Civil War. Boggs' reminiscences, written in 1891 at the age of 62, cover the entire period of the war, from the election of 1860 until his surrender in June 1865. Also included are two obituary notices from Boston and New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3058.

Boothby, Charles W. Papers, 1861-1898 (bulk 1861-1874). 1 linear ft. Location: T:19, OS:B. U.S. Army captain, customs official, superintendent of education for New Orleans, and politician. Correspondence, printed military orders, and quartermaster's records reflect Civil War and postbellum New Orleans. Civil War papers document personal experiences, military engagements, African American soldiers, and political activity. Postbellum papers reflect the local and national political environment during Reconstruction. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4847.

Bower, Garner and Harrison. Papers, 1863-1888 (bulk 1863-1868). 0.25 linear ft. Location: E:51. New Orleans commission merchants. Letters of New Orleans, Louisiana commission merchants to a member of the firm at Baton Rouge, Louisiana (1863) and Natchez, Mississippi (1864-1868). Additionally, there is a receipt book (1866-1867). At the end of the volume are loose financial items (1869-1888). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1388.

Boyd, David French. Papers, 1833-1934 (bulk 1860-1899). 9 linear ft., 10 microfilm reels. Location: D:12-19, MF.MSS:B, OS:B, MAP CAGE: DRAWER 34 (BACK WALL). Confederate officer, president of the Seminary of Learning at Alexandria, Louisiana, and president and professor at Louisiana State University (1884-1886). Papers contain correspondence, including correspondence with William T. Sherman; writings about Civil War figures; academic papers; photographs; financial papers; and printed items. Manuscript volumes consist of school notebooks; memorandum books; diaries, including a Civil War diary; morning reports from Kentucky Military Institute and Locust Dale Academy; and a minute book of the Demosthenian Society. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 40, 99, 794, 890, 893, 1400, 1612, 4234.

Boyd, David French. William T. Sherman letters (part of the David French Boyd papers), 1859-1891. 0.3 linear ft., 1 microfilm reel. Location: U:179, MSS.MF:B, Vault:26. Civil War officers, educators. Letters refer to higher education, political issues, rights of freedmen, Ku Klux Klan activities, and the jetty system in New Orleans. Civil War letters concern Boyd's imprisonment. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 890, 893, 3362.

Bringier, Louis Amadee and family. Papers, 1786-1901. 2 linear ft. and 13 volumes. Location: T:96-97, F:9, OS:B. Planter of Ascension Parish, Louisiana; Confederate officer and commander of the 4th Louisiana Cavalry and the 7th Louisiana Regiment. Papers include military records, correspondence and business papers relating to the administration of Hermitage Plantation in Ascension Parish and Houmas, Burnside, and Bagatelle plantations. One letter report that a woman killed a federal soldier in New Orleans (1862); another describes Grand Ilse as a resort frequented by Jews. Some items in French. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 6061: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 1, Reels 1-2, and microfilm 5322: Records of Ante-Bellum Southern Plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War, Series I, Part 1, Reel 13. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 43, 139, 544.

Brown, E. Y. Letter, 1863 April 21. 1 item. Location: Misc.:B. Letter written while aboard the steamboat, Natanzas, describing the scenery along the Mississippi river, war torn New Orleans, and a visit to a military hospital. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3802.

Burnham, B. Letters, 1863 January 4-May 23. 2 items. Location: MISC:B. Union soldier in a regiment stationed at Camp Parapet, near New Orleans, and Fort Butte-a-la-Rose (also called Camp of Fort Burton), Louisiana. His regiment was brought to Louisiana by transport ship. Letters describe the conditions of the regiment's camp, Confederate attacks on transport boats, and a African American regiment stationed near Camp Parapet. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3443.

Burnham, Howard and Horace. Letters, 1862-1863. 4 items. Howard Burnham, apparently a Union soldier in an Illinois regiment stationed in Arcadia, Missouri. Horace Burnham, apparently a Union soldier in the Marine Hospital in New Orleans in the Civil War. Howard Burnham's two letters (1862) tell of the number of men ill and in hospitals; Horace Burnham writes of accommodations at the Marine Hospital in New Orleans, African Americans, and sanitation facilities. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1181.

Burt, Joseph, Jr. Papers, 1856-1876 (bulk 1862-1863). 16 items. Location: Misc:B. Union soldier in the 57th Massachusetts Infantry during the Civil War. Papers include correspondence while Burt was stationed in New Orleans in 1863 commenting on military life, Confederate prisoners of war, and off-duty recreation including the shooting of alligators. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2721.

Butler, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin). Letter, 1890 March 1. 1 item. Location: MISC:B. General in the United States Army during the Civil War. Letter from Butler replying to a request for facts pertaining to the execution of William B. Mumford, refers the writer to James Parton's book, GENERAL BUTLER IN NEW ORLEANS (1862). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1802.

Campbell, Zoe J. Diaries, 1856-1866. 5 items; 10 volumes. Location: P:1, Misc:C. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reels 4-5. Resident of New Orleans; daughter of James and Zoe Lambert Campbell and sister of Lambert Campbell, a Confederate soldier in the Civil War. Dairies document expenses, condolence visits, and piano lessons. Beginning in May 1861, they deal with the Civil War, including events in occupied New Orleans. Papers also include a funeral announcement for Campbell and a personal letter. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1274.

Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg, 1817-1873. General orders, 1864 September 14. Location: E:74. 1 printed item. General orders No. 48, issued by Lt. Col. C. T. Christensen, headquarters, Military Division of West Mississippi, New Orleans, on the suspension of prisoner exchanges and methods to be employed in sending Confederate prisoners to depots in the North. Part of the United States Army Collection. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3032.

Carmouche, Annie Jeter. Papers, 1853-1964. 0.3 linear ft. Location: W:18, H:24, VAULT:6. Annie Jeter Carmouche spent her childhood in Virginia and New Orleans and lived in Saint Landry and Bossier Parishes, Louisiana, during and after the Civil War. She married Emile A. Carmouche. Collection includes family letters, papers, and tablets containing Carmouche's memoirs. Correspondence relates to social life, the Civil War, and family events. The memoirs recall Carmouche's childhood, the Civil War, and the postwar period. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reel 5. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2878.

Carrigan, Jo Ann, 1933. Civil War Collection, 1862-1968. .3 linear ft. (26 items, 1 ms. vol., 2 printed vols.) Location: UU:72, OS:C. Professor of history at Louisiana State University.New York muster rolls, photographs, & publications pertaining largely to the state of New York's participation in the Civil War. Included are postcards depicting Civil War scenes and photographs of maps of New Orleans during the War of 1812. There is also an autograph book containing the names, ranks, and addresses of soldiers in the 10th New York Artillery. Artifacts include Civil War uniform buttons, commemorative ribbons, and a medal. For futher information see online catalog. Mss. 2455.

Carroll, Hoy and Company. Papers, 1858, 1865. 2 items. Location: Misc. Commission merchants of New Orleans. Telegram (1858) from Jesse Perkins of Jackson, Mississippi, and a letter (1865) from Fielding Brothers of Liverpool, England, to Carroll, Hoy, and Company regarding accounts. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 850.