French-Language Manuscript Materials

The imprint of French culture on Louisiana and the Lower Mississippi Valley has been deep and long lasting. French explorers and colonists were among the earliest Europeans to arrive in the region, beginning in the seventeenth century. Louisiana, named for Louis XIV, belonged to France for much of the 1700s and again from 1800 until it was sold to the United States in 1803. French settlers came to Louisiana both directly from France and indirectly from other areas. The latter included Acadians expelled from present-day Nova Scotia in the mid-eighteenth century and refugees from St. Domingue (present-day Haiti) in 1804. Some followers of Napoleon arrived in Louisiana after their leader's defeat in 1814. Other French immigrants came to Louisiana for a variety of reasons throughout the nineteenth century.

The French-language manuscript resources in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU touch upon all these sources of French cultural influence. This guide to these resources includes descriptions of the papers of early colonists, French-speaking planters and free people of color in the nineteenth century, and residents of cities and towns like New Orleans and Natchitoches. The documents it describes came from farmers and merchants, writers and artists, women and men, the famous and the anonymous.

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Acadian Handicraft Project. Records. 1936-1962. 9.5 linear ft. Location: 7:98-106, OS:A. Project launched in 1942 to preserve the language and culture of the French-speaking people of Louisiana; project was suspended around 1962. Project launched in 1942 to preserve the language and culture of the French-speaking people of Louisiana. Records consist of general office files, program files for festivals and exhibitions, and records relating to the promotion, the production and sale of handicrafts. Some itmes are in French. Mss. 1880.

Referenced in Guides: Performing arts, Women, Acadiana, French

Account book, 1796-1799. 1 ms. vol., 1 mf reel. Location: Vault, Mss. Mf.:A. New Orleans, Louisiana, merchant. Account book recording names and accounts of customers. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1054.

Addison, George W. Receipt, 1837. 1 item. Location: Misc.:A. Resident of St. Landry Parish, Louisiana, and editor of the Opelousas Gazette. Receipt by George W. Addison for notice of the succession of Valry Roy. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: French

Agramonte, Aristides. Notebook, undated 1 ms. vol. Location: M:18. Notebook containing notes on grammar, philosophy, jurisprudence, rhetoric, mathematics, and agriculture; and a series of questions and answers. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 974.

Referenced in Guides: Education, French

Ambert, Joachim. Papers, 1838-1876. 9 items. Location: Misc.:A, OS:A. French military officer and nobleman. Personal papers consisting of passports and related items (1838-1840); two letters from Baron Ambert in New Orleans, Louisiana; a bill for accommodations in Niagara Falls, New York; and Ambert's French military service record. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1356.

Andry, M. T. (Michel Thomassin), 1811-ca. 1871. Family Papers, 1840-1882 (bulk 1858-1879). 0.3 linear ft. (199 items). Location: UU:66. Sugar planter of St. John the Baptist and St. Charles parishes, Louisiana, and resident of New Orleans. Collection includes correspondence and legal and financial papers. Letters received by Andry's daughter Rosa from his sons describe their participation in the Battle of Shiloh, campaigns in Kentucky, and skirmishes at Camp Beauregard in the Civil War. Partly in French. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 1. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1318.

Anonymous account, 1786-1788. 1 item. Location: Misc.:A. Account of an unidentified merchant in New Orleans, Louisiana. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 133.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Business, French

Anonymous veterinary medicine notebook, 1840. 1 vol. Location: F:2. Notebook containing notes on the commercial jurisprudence of veterinary medicine, including Roman and French law; a consideration of various animal diseases; and models of various forms of commercial paper. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 284.

Referenced in Guides: French, Medicine

Anonymous notebook, ca. 1850. 1 ms. vol. Location: C:45. Notebook containing French grammar notes and catechism questions. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Education, French

Anonymous notebook, ca. 1850. 1 ms. Vol. Location: C:45. Notebook containing geometric problems and definitions. In French. For further information, see online Mss. 552.

Referenced in Guides: Education, French, LSU

Anonymous notebook, ca. 1850-ca. 1880. 1 ms. Vol. Location: F:2. Notebook containing notes of lectures on physics and cosmography. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 86.

Referenced in Guides: Education, French

Anonymous daybooks, 1856-1858. 2 ms. vols. Location: F:2. Accounts of sales by a free black (probably Oscar Dubreuil) for a general merchandise store in Isle Brevelle, Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 833.

Referenced in Guides: African Americans, French

Anonymous diary, 1858-1860. Mss. 3504. See LeBret Diary. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3504.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Women, African Americans, French

Anonymous manuscript volume, 1858-1877. 1 item. Location: Misc. A. Journal contains notes on the progress of the Civil War and the 'Trent Affair', a diplomatic incident between the U. S. and Great Britain. Other topics include poetry; songs; partial plays in commedia dell'arte style; notes on Renaissance Italian history and notes on Daniel Deronda by George Eliot. Also included are listings for businesses and consulates in New Orleans, and public officials in Paris. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3545.

Anonymous account book (H), 1866-1879. 1 vol. Location: F:1. Journal lists food, fuel, and beverages purchased for a restaurant in France. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 458.

Referenced in Guides: Business, French

Anonymous letter, 1887 September 21. 1 item. Location:Misc.:A. Family letter written on the letterhead of the Louisa Saw Mill, in Belle Rose, Assumption Parish, Louisiana. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1283.

Referenced in Guides: French

Anonymous engineering notebook, ca. 19th century. 1 vol. Location: M:18. Civil engineering notebook containing lessons on construction of arches and mathematical formulas. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 83.

Referenced in Guides: French

Anonymous receipes, undated. 4 items. Location: Misc.:A. Recipe of a St. Catherine doctor for medicinal tea; and others for mahogany stain, creole beer, and cornstarch pudding. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 170.

Referenced in Guides: French, Medicine

Anonymous ritual, undated 1 item. Location: Misc.:A Ritual of a white supremacist organization. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: French

Anonymous essay, 1862. 1 item (141 pages). Location: E:45. Typewritten copy of an essay on some usages and idioms of the Indians of lower Louisiana. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 138.

Referenced in Guides: French

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