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Brouard (Brother Arsene) Papers

(Mss. 3568)


Contents of Inventory


Biographical/Historical Note

Scope and Content Note

Container List


Size. 1.5 linear feet.

Geographic Locations. Louisiana, Pennsylvania, Maryland, New Mexico, France, Mexico.

Inclusive dates. 1895-1940.

Bulk dates. 1909-1937.

Languages. English, French, Spanish, Latin.

Summary. Correspondence, research notes, printed material, personal papers, photographs, plant samples, and diagrams by Brother Arsene Brouard, a French monk and botanist. Most papers reflect his discovery, collection, and organization of plants in Mexico and the United States. Others involve his service at schools in Mexico and the United States. Most of his personal correspondence is in French.

Related. None.

Access. No restrictions.

Copyright. Property rights retained by Louisiana State University; literary rights retained by the descendants of writers of items in these papers (U.S. Copyright Law).

Citation. Brother Arsene G. Brouard Papers, Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections, LSU Libraries.

Stacks Designations. S-107, S-108; OS:B. Please consult the Container List for specific locations when requesting materials.

Biographical/Historical Note

Brother Arsene Brouard was a French monk and botanist who taught biology, physics, chemistry, Spanish, and French at St. Paul's College in Covington, Louisiana from 1919 to 1925. Brouard, born Arsene Gustave Joseph Brouard near Orleans, France, took his first vows in 1898 and studied botany in his native land. He was assigned to a college in Puebla, Mexico in 1906 before going to Morelia three years later. While in Mexico, he systematically collected, identified, cataloged, and preserved the country's fauna. Brouard discovered several new species before being forced out of Mexico in 1914 during the revolution.

He arrived in the United States and taught at schools in Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Ellicott City, Maryland, before arriving in Covington. While at St. Paul's College he collected approximately nine hundred plants, of which sixty species were unknown in Louisiana, and three were unknown in the United States. In 1926 he left for Las Vegas, New Mexico because of his failing health. He continued to teach and collect fauna before his death in 1938.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, scientific and religious printed material, newspaper clippings, plant lists, research notes, hand-written manuscripts, charts, diagrams, maps, and photographs covering the period from 1899 to 1938. A substantial portion of the collection consists of letters from botanists and his religious brothers. Most of this material is in French. There is a collection of typewritten letters by Arsene to Doctor Bouly de Lesdain. Another significant portion of the collection is Aresene's research notes and plant lists. His notes detail his accumulation of lichens, plants, and animals in Morelos and Queteraro, Mexico, as well as around Covington, Louisiana, and Las Vegas, New Mexico. There are also school class notes, several unused postcards, receipts from the National Weather Service, and a map of the western front in World War One. The collection contains much information on religion and evolution, including a typed manuscript about the atheistic aspects of evolutionary theory. Brouard kept a newspaper clipping file on issues including health, botany, and religion. The clippings have been copied for preservation purposes. Also included in the collection is the handwritten text of Lichens de Mexique. Finally, there is a biographical work on Brouard by Robert D. Landry in the printed material. Landry, who used the collection in his research, described his pamphlet as a collection of articles, letters, and notes about Brouard.

Container List

Box 1
Correspondence, 1895-1940
Outgoing correspondence, 1907-1938
Printed Material, Scientific
Printed Material, Plants of New Mexico
Printed Material, Postcards
Printed Material, Religious
Printed Material, Religion and Evolution
Printed Material, Newspaper clippings
Printed Material, Brother Arsene G. Brouard - Botanist, Teacher, Christian Brother, by Robert D. Landry
Printed Material, Miscellaneous
Financial Documents, Receipts
Literary Productions, Plant lists
Literary Productions, Lichens of Mexico
Literary Productions, Lists of Morelos plants
Literary Productions, Mexican plants
Literary Productions, Plants and animals in Mexico
Literary Productions, Lists of Querataro plants and animals
Literary Productions, Lichens of Louisiana
Literary Productions, Plants of Covington and New Mexico
Literary Productions, Lists of New Mexico Plants
Literary Productions, Research notes
Literary Productions, Zoology
Literary Productions, Religious
Literary Productions, Religion and evolution
Literary Productions, School material
Literary Productions, Miscellaneous notes
Legal Documents
Charts, Diagrams, and Drawings

Box 2
Correspondence, May 25, 1918
Printed Material, Scientific
Printed Material, Religious
Printed Material, The Fatherland, June 2, 1915
Financial Documents, Receipts
Literary Productions, Plant lists

Box 3
Eight Leaves with religious etchings in them
Fauna sample, possibly a fern
Letter from Marius M. Pieru to Brother Brouard, March 30, 1916, with fauna samples attached
Letter from G. Daveau to Brother Brouard, April 2, 1916, with fauna sample enclosed
Letter from G. Cohad to Brother Brouard, July 11, 1917 with a fauna sample enclosed

Oversized Material
Kenyon "War Map of Western Battle Front of Europe," c. 1918
Advertisement for Kenyon War Maps
"Map of the Permanent System of Highways District of Columbia," n.d.
Public Ledger newspaper section on snakes, n.d.
Architectural drawing of the "PENSIONNAT S EUGENE," n.d.
Advertisement for G. de Koning Tilly Medicine, ca. 1920
Trans-Atlantic travel map and log, 1910
Lists of plants
Alcance Al Num. 66 de "El Amigo de la Verdad," n.d.
La Croix Cantalienne, October 2, 1902
El Imparcial, February 16, 1906
El Imparcial, February 17, 1906
El Imparcial, February 18, 1906
El Pais, July 28, 1914
El Imparcial, August 5, 1914
Los Sucesos Nacionales, August 15, 1914
La Voz de Juarez, August 18, 1914
La Revue Hebdomadaire, November 21, 1914
Croix du Cantal, March 3, 1940