Betts (Ephraim) Diaries
Scope and Content Note
Size. 4 items, 2 volumes.
New York, Louisiana.
Date. Sept. 2, 1862-Feb. 19, 1864.
Diaries kept by Seargeant Ephraim Betts, Company E,
114th New York Volunteers, mostly while he was stationed in Louisiana, along
with military passes, and loose notes.
Source. Purchase, 1980.
Copyright. Physical rights are
retained by the LSU Libraries. Copyright of the original materials is retained
by descendants of the creators of the materials in accordance with U.S. copyright
Ephraim Betts Diaries, Louisiana
and Lower Mississippi
Valley Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
Stack designation. J:13
The Ephraim Betts Diaries are also available on microfilm, location: Mf.B
Ephraim Betts was a sergeant in Company E of the 114th New York Volunteers.
He enlisted on September 2, 1862, at Coventry,
New York. He was taken by
transport boat to New Orleans and was stationed
until he was discharged, February 2, 1864, because of trouble with his eyes.
Scope and Content Note
The diaries describe Ephraim Betts' daily activities as sergeant of Company
E of the 114th New York Volunteers. They illustrate his journey from New York to New Orleans by
transport boat, describing the sunken ship Cumberland,
near the mouth of the James River, where the Merrimack was sunk. Described are Betts' arrival in Camp
Mansfield, January 3, 1863, the
routine camp life, the marches, his participation in skirmishes, and details of
an assault on Fort
on the Bayou Teche, April 13, 1863. The diaries
relate that Bett's regiment joined General Weitzel's assault on Port Hudson, June 14, 1863, and detail
the surrender of the Confederate forces. They describe the Sabine Pass
Expedition, September 7, 1863, and the Federal failure to capture the pass.
Also described is the treatment of deserters caught on board the boat which
took Betts back to New York
after his discharge, February 14, 1864. The diaries include lists of men in Bett's command, personal cash accounts, and lists of
letters sent and received. Loose papers include two military passes, and
unidentified notes and accounts.
Army. New York
Volunteers, 114th. Company E.
Fort Bisland (La.)
Port Hudson (La.)
Sabine Pass, Battle of, 1863.
States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
Louisiana--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.