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Betts (Ephraim) Diaries

(Mss. 3433)


Biographical/Historical Note

Scope and Content Note

Index Terms



Size. 4 items, 2 volumes.

Geographic locations. New York, Louisiana.

Date. Sept. 2, 1862-Feb. 19, 1864.

Summary. Diaries kept by Seargeant Ephraim Betts, Company E, 114th New York Volunteers, mostly while he was stationed in Louisiana, along with military passes, and loose notes.

Source. Purchase, 1980.

Access. No restrictions.

Copyright. Physical rights are retained by the LSU Libraries. Copyright of the original materials is retained by descendants of the creators of the materials in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Citation. Ephraim Betts Diaries, Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

Stack designation. J:13

The Ephraim Betts Diaries are also available on microfilm, location: Mf.B

Biographical/Historical Note

Ephraim Betts was a sergeant in Company E of the 114th New York Volunteers. He enlisted on September 2, 1862, at Coventry, New York. He was taken by transport boat to New Orleans and was stationed in Louisiana until he was discharged, February 2, 1864, because of trouble with his eyes.

Scope and Content Note

The diaries describe Ephraim Betts' daily activities as sergeant of Company E of the 114th New York Volunteers. They illustrate his journey from New York to New Orleans by transport boat, describing the sunken ship Cumberland, near the mouth of the James River, where the Merrimack was sunk. Described are Betts' arrival in Camp Mansfield, January 3, 1863, the routine camp life, the marches, his participation in skirmishes, and details of an assault on Fort Bisland on the Bayou Teche, April 13, 1863. The diaries relate that Bett's regiment joined General Weitzel's assault on Port Hudson, June 14, 1863, and detail the surrender of the Confederate forces. They describe the Sabine Pass Expedition, September 7, 1863, and the Federal failure to capture the pass. Also described is the treatment of deserters caught on board the boat which took Betts back to New York after his discharge, February 14, 1864. The diaries include lists of men in Bett's command, personal cash accounts, and lists of letters sent and received. Loose papers include two military passes, and unidentified notes and accounts.

Index Terms

Betts, Ephraim.

United StatesArmy.  New York Volunteers, 114th.  Company E.

Camp Mansfield (La.)

Fort Bisland (La.)

Port Hudson (La.)

Sabine Pass, Battle of, 1863.

Desertion, Military--United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.

Louisiana--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.