WILLIAM B. HATCHER PAPERS

(Mss. #4242) Inventory Compiled by Bradley J. Wiles Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections Special Collections, Hill Memorial Library Louisiana State University Libraries Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University 2009

CONTENTS OF INVENTORY

CONTENTS OF INVENTORY ......................................................................................... 2
SUMMARY ........................................................................................................................ 3
BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL NOTE .......................................................................... 4
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE ....................................................................................... 5
LIST OF SUB-GROUPS, SERIES, AND SUBSERIES .................................................... 6
SERIES DESCRIPTIONS .................................................................................................. 7
INDEX TERMS .................................................................................................................. 9
CONTAINER LIST .......................................................................................................... 10

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SUMMARY

Size

1.5 linear ft.

Geographic Locations

Louisiana

Inclusive Dates

1904-1947

Bulk Dates

1941-1946

Languages

English

Summary

The William B. Hatcher Papers consist of correspondence, photographs, and other personal and administrative records from Hatcher’s tenure at LSU, 1936-1947, with some earlier materials from his time as Superintendent of East Baton Rouge Parish schools.

Access Restrictions

None

Reproduction Note

May be reproduced.

Copyright

For those materials not in the public domain, copyright is retained by the descendants of the creators in accordance with U.S. Copyright law.

Related Collections

James Monroe Smith Papers, Mss. 4490 Harold W. Stoke Address, Mss. 3633 Troy H. Middleton Letter, Mss. 3357 Louisiana State University System Office of the President Records, A0002, Louisiana State University Archives, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, La. Louisiana State University Photograph Collection, Office of the President, A5000.0002, Louisiana State University Archives, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, La.

Citation

William B. Hatcher Papers, Mss. 4242, Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, La.

Stack Location(s)

11:13-14; OS:H

BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL NOTE

William Bass Hatcher was born in Ripley, Mississippi, on December 12, 1888. He was the first child of Thomas William (T.W.) and Ida Hopgood Hatcher, both of whom were professional educators. T.W. and Ida were married January 12, 1888 in McGregor, Texas, but soon relocated back to Mississippi after Hatcher accepted the principal position at Ripley’s town school. The Hatchers had two more children - Hallie in 1891 and James Franklin in 1893 as they moved around to several towns in Central and East Texas to pursue teaching opportunities. William Hatcher began elementary school in Brownwood, Texas, and graduated from high school in Woodville, Texas, in 1904. That same year, at the age of fifteen, he was granted a teaching certificate in Tyler County, Texas, and began teaching at the same school from which he had graduated. A year later he moved to Louisiana to teach at the town school at Mt. Gilead in East Feliciana Parish. In 1906 the entire Hatcher family relocated to Delhi, Louisiana, and William began a two year stint teaching first grade in Crew Lake, Louisiana. From 1908 through 1915, Hatcher served as principal at the Junction City, Arkansas elementary school and at various school systems in Union, Iberville, and East Baton Rouge Parishes. Hatcher was able to transfer his combined teaching and administrative experience into college credit and alternated between jobs and full-time study until he earned a Bachelor’s degree in 1917. In 1916, he was elected Superintendent of East Baton Rouge Parish Schools after a scandal involving shortages in school board accounts precipitated the resignation of the current superintendent. Hatcher was elected unanimously and continued to receive full endorsement by the board of directors in all subsequent elections until he resigned in 1935. During his tenure as superintendent, Hatcher was recognized as a deft handler of the various financial problems that cropped up as state and city demographics changed and the Great Depression took hold across the country. Hatcher oversaw the construction of new facilities, the consolidation of smaller schools, the development of compulsory attendance laws, and creation of transportation services for rural students. Furthermore, he worked to increase the quality of teaching and administration and pull the district into closer alignment with state and national educational standards. While working as superintendent, Hatcher took a brief hiatus to serve in the Army between August and December of 1918. On December 28, 1918, he married Elise McConnell of Baton Rouge. Over the next several years in his spare time he earned a M.A. in Education (1923) and completed a Ph.D. in History (1937), both from LSU. On August 6, 1933, Elise Hatcher died of cancer. The next year William offered a teaching job to his first wife’s cousin, Amelia Devall, who taught at Napoleonville. After a brief courtship Hatcher married Devall on October 14, 1934. They had one daughter, Joan Amelia, in 1939.

In 1935 Hatcher took a one year leave of absence from the superintendent position to act as the state director of the National Youth Administration. This was primarily in reaction

to pressure he was facing from the Huey Long political machine to establish patronage jobs within school system. When his term expired the following year he decided not to return as superintendent and took a position as a special lecturer in LSU’s History Department. After completing his doctorate in 1937 he was raised to associate professor and took on more administrative duties within the department. While still at LSU, Hatcher was appointed temporary and acting dean of LSU affiliate John McNeese Junior College in Lake Charles in 1940. McNeese was reorganized that year and moved from the Junior Division to the College of Arts and Sciences. In 1941 Hatcher was named Associate Dean of LSU’s College of Arts and Sciences and placed in charge of the Freshman Division. The following year the Junior Division was created out of the newly independent Freshman Division and Hatcher was named to oversee its operations and promoted to full dean. In addition to his new assignment, he was appointed director of the Army Services Training Program, acting as liaison between military, university, and student constituents. Hatcher was appointed President of LSU on June 14, 1944. Under his administration the enrollment at LSU skyrocketed with the return of young men and women from military service. This lead to new problems with providing adequate housing, facilities, faculty, and staff, and resulted in the reorganization of several colleges and departments across the state university system. There were also controversies involving censorship, integration, and an appointment to the medical school that lead to twenty three faculty resignations in 1945. In the fall of 1946, Hatcher’s health declined and after a brief recovery he determined that he would be unable to maintain his duties as LSU president. He retired on February 8, 1947, but was elected president emeritus for the remaining fiscal year. Hatcher died of heart failure on April 3, 1947.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

The William B. Hatcher Papers consist of office files with correspondence and other personal and administrative records from Hatcher’s tenure at LSU, 1936-1947, with some earlier materials from his time as Superintendent of East Baton Rouge Parish schools. Included are letters, memoranda, speeches, and other items accumulated by Hatcher as a faculty member and graduate student in the History Department, the Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, and the President of the university. Hatcher’s files also contain course papers, newspaper clippings, book reviews, and materials relating to his book, Edward Livingston, Jeffersonian Republican and Jacksonian Democrat. In addition, the collection includes a 14x12 photographic portrait of Hatcher and several photographs and duplicate prints of him at campus events with faculty, staff, students, and various dignitaries.

LIST OF SUB-GROUPS, SERIES, AND SUBSERIES

Series I. Correspondence, 1904-1947

Subseries 1. Personal, 1918-1947 Subseries 2. Professional Associates, 1941-1947

Subseries 3. History Department, 1939-1944

Subseries 4. Letters of Congratulations, 1944 Subseries 5. Miscellaneous, 1904-1946

Series II. Writings and Speeches, 1928-1946

Subseries 1. History Department, c. 1929-1944 Subseries 2. Speeches, c. 1928-1946 Series III. Photographs, c. 1932-1946 Subseries 1. Original Prints, undated Subseries 2. Archival Copies, 1932, undated

SERIES DESCRIPTIONS

Series I. Correspondence The Correspondence series is divided into five subseries: Personal, Professional Associates, LSU History Department, Letters of Congratulations, and Miscellaneous.

The Personal correspondence is primarily letters from Hatcher’s family, friends, students, military contacts, and work colleagues from 1941-1947. There are several requests for letters-of-reference from former students and affectionate communiqués from soldiers Hatcher knew from LSU’s Army Services Training Program who had gone on to serve in the war effort. The subseries also contains offers of employment, personal financial and housekeeping records, and items indicative of Hatcher’s wide professional and personal reach. Of note are letters to and from the family of John and Gertrude Preston. Gertrude was Hatcher’s sister-in-law by his first wife Elise, and much of the correspondence concerns the finances and education of his nieces, Anne and Jane Preston, from 1943-1947. In addition this subseries contains several personal records of Hatcher’s including his wedding vows booklet, teaching certificate, and military discharge. The Professional Associates correspondence includes letters, postcards, and handwritten messages between Hatcher and colleagues in the Baton Rouge community and throughout Louisiana, LSU faculty and administrators, and government and military officials. In correspondence between Hatcher and Lafayette attorney David Debaillon there are several references to Hatcher’s controversial selection of a new medical school director in 1945. The series also includes correspondence between Hatcher and other presidents of southern land-grant colleges with the intent of organizing a conference. Other correspondents of note include Jimmie, H. Davis, G.B. Erskine, William J. Dodd, Harnett T. Kane, Frances Parkinson Keyes, and Bell Irvin Wiley.

The LSU History Department correspondence consists primarily of letters and memoranda relating to Hatcher’s responsibilities as an instructor and administrator. The materials are from book and journal vendors, university officials, students, and contacts at professional organizations. The correspondence is from 1941-1943 and most pieces have a carbon copy of Hatcher’s response attached.

The Letters of Congratulation subseries includes felicitations to Hatcher upon being elected President of LSU in 1944. These letters are from friends, colleagues, and associates statewide and throughout the country. Each letter is followed by a carbon copy of Hatcher’s response. The subseries is arranged alphabetically by correspondent and contains a title page in the first folder.

The Miscellaneous correspondence includes items from 1930-1936 when Hatcher was still Superintendent of East Baton Rouge Parish schools, various messages and newspaper clippings from 1944-1945, administrative correspondence from LSU, and letters and notes referencing Hatcher’s attendance at LSU football games throughout 1946.

Series II. Writings and Speeches The Writings and Speeches series is divided into two subseries: History Department and Speeches. The first subseries includes Hatcher graduate term papers, letters and reviews relating to his book, Edward Livingston, Jeffersonian Republican and Jacksonian Democrat, and a copy of A Syllabus on American History. The term papers cover historical topics on British colonialism and the development of governments in America, India, Egypt, Australia, and New Zealand. The materials on his book include both published and manuscript copies of reviews and correspondence related to its publication. Hatcher’s syllabus is a course booklet published in 1942, which features a detailed outline and reprints of historical sources covering the years 1492-1865. The second subseries contains drafts of speeches given at various events throughout Hatcher’s career. These fall roughly between 1928 and 1946, but some are undated. The speeches cover a variety of topics including memorial addresses for veterans and President Franklin Roosevelt, commencement addresses to graduating students, welcome addresses for international dignitaries such as the British Ambassador to the United States and the Archbishop of Quebec, and others discussing local and national history. Several of the speech drafts contain notes and marginalia. Series III. Photographs The Photographs have been arranged into two subseries: Original Prints and Archival Copies. The Original Prints folders contain photographs of Hatcher at LSU events and meetings, and other ―photo-op‖ prints with notable Louisiana residents such as Governor Jimmie H. Davis and U.S. Marines Major General G.B. Erskine. This series also contains a photograph of Hatcher with the Lord Halifax, British Ambassador to the United States, and one of Will Rogers at the 1932 Olympics. Several photos show Hatcher accompanied by his second wife Amelia and their daughter Joan, and there are a number of portraits of Hatcher that vary in size. Also included are two photograph cards with the images of Hatcher’s father and sister. The Archival Copies are all duplicates taken from the original prints, but reduced in size and arranged into a numbered series. Though most of the photos are not dated, events and persons depicted indicate that they were taken approximately between the years of 1936-1946.

INDEX TERMS

Materials relating to these people, places, and things can be found in the series indicated, as represented by their numbers.

College presidentsLouisianaBaton Rouge

Series I-III

Correspondence

Series I-II

Criticism

Series II

Davis Jimmie 1899-2000

Series I & III

Debaillon David

Series I

Hatcher William Bass 1888-1947

Series I-III

LouisianaEducationBaton Rouge

Series II

LouisianaPolitics and government1865-1950

Series I-II

Louisiana State University Agricultural and Mechanical College, Dept. of HistoryFaculty

Series I-II

Louisiana State University and Agriculture and Mechanical CollegePresidents

Series I-III

Photographs

Series III

SoldiersLouisiana

Series I-III

Speeches

Series II

Theses

Series II

CONTAINER LIST

Stack Location

Box

Folder(s)

Contents (with dates)

Series I. Correspondence, 1904-1947

Subseries 1. Personal, 1904-1947

11:13

1

1-4

Friends and colleagues, 1918-1947

5-6

Preston family, 1943-1947

7

Miscellaneous items, 1904-1945

Subseries 2. Professional Associates, 1941-1947

8

Appointments, 1936-1942

9-11

Military and alumni, 1944-1947

12

Presidents’ conference, 1943-1944

13

Daniel Debaillon office, 1944-1946

Subseries 3. History Department, 1939-1944

14

1939-1941

15

1941-1942

16

1942-1943

17

1943-1944

Subseries 4. Letters of Congratulations, 1944

18

Abraham-Baskin

19

Bateman-Burgoyne

20

Burns-Culpepper

21

Curry-Enis

22

Erskine-Grafton

23

Graham-Holcombe

24

Honeycutt-Lawhon

25

Lawrence-Mendelsohn

26

Merrick-Osborn

27

Oviatt-Richardson

28

Robinson-Smith

29

Smith-Watkins

30

Wells-Zingler

Subseries 5. Miscellaneous, 1930-1946

31

East Baton Rouge superintendent, 1930-1936

32

Newspaper clippings, 1944-1945

33

LSU administration, 1936-1944

34

LSU football games, 1946

Stack Location

Box

Folder(s)

Contents (with dates)

Series II. Writings and Speeches, 1928-1946

Subseries 1. History Department, c. 1929-1942

35-37

Term papers, undated, 1929

38-40

Edward Livingston book materials, 1938-1941

41

A Syllabus of American History copy, 1942

Subseries 2. Speeches, c. 1928-1946

42

Undated

43

1928-1946

Series III. Photographs, c. 1936-1946

Subseries 1. Original prints, undated

44

Hatcher at LSU (10 items), undated

45

Hatcher and military associates (7 items), undated

46-47

Hatcher and family (22 items), undated

48

Hatcher portraits (23 items), undated

49

Hatcher and Jimmie H. Davis (5 items), undated

OS:H

1

12x14 portrait (1 item), undated

Subseries 2. Archival copies, 1932, undated

11:14

2

Numbered (34 items), undated

Un-numbered (2 items), 1932, undated