TAUSSIG (CHARLES WILLIAM) COLLECTION

Mss. 2220, 2284

Inventory

Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections

Special Collections, Hill Memorial Library

Louisiana State University Libraries

Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University

Reformatted 2003

Revised 2011

CONTENTS OF INVENTORY

SUMMARY .................................................................................................................................... 3
BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL NOTE ...................................................................................... 4
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE ................................................................................................... 4
LIST OF UNITS ............................................................................................................................. 5
DESCRIPTIONS OF UNITS ......................................................................................................... 7
INDEX TERMS ............................................................................................................................ 16
CONTAINER LIST ...................................................................................................................... 17

Use of manuscript materials. If you wish to examine items in the manuscript group, please fill out a call slip specifying the materials you wish to see. Consult the Container List for location information needed on the call slip.

Photocopying. Should you wish to request photocopies, please consult a staff member. The existing order and arrangement of unbound materials must be maintained.

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Permission to examine archival materials does not constitute permission to publish. Any publication of such materials beyond the limits of fair use requires specific prior written permission. Requests for permission to publish should be addressed in writing to the Head, Public Services, Special Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, LA, 70803-3300. When permission to publish is granted, two copies of the publication will be requested for the LLMVC.

Proper acknowledgement of LLMVC materials must be made in any resulting writing or publications. The correct form of citation for this manuscript group is given on the summary page. Copies of scholarly publications based on research in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections are welcomed.

SUMMARY

Size.

2.5 linear feet

Geographic locations.

New Orleans

Inclusive dates.

1667-1922

Bulk dates.

1717-1915

Language.

English

Summary.

This collection contains manuscripts and printed materials pertaining to the planting, production, and processing of sugarcane; domestic and international trade and commerce in sugar, molasses, slave trade and labor, and rum.

Organization.

The collection is divided into units according to subject matter.

Restrictions on access.

If microfilm is available, photocopies must be made from microfilm.

Related collections.

N/A

Copyright.

Copyright of the original materials is retained by descendants of the creators in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Citation.

Charles William Taussig Collection, Mss. 2220, 2284, Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, La.

Stack locations.

UU:107-108; OS:T

BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL NOTE

Charles W. Taussig (b. 1896) was the chairman of the board of Sucrest Corp., New York, New York. He authored two books on the history of the sugar industry.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

This collection contains manuscripts and printed materials pertaining to the planting, production, and processing of sugarcane; domestic and international trade and commerce in sugar, molasses, and rum. Also represented are items on slave trade and slave labor.

LIST OF UNITS

Unit 1, 1729-1841

Orders, invoices, bills of lading, receipts, and related papers pertaining to domestic and international production and trade in sugar, molasses, and rum.

Unit 2, 1784-1922

Printed materials pertaining to the planting, production and processing of sugar cane; commerce in sugar, molasses, and rum; slave trade and slave labor; and aspects of beet and maple sugar production.

Unit 3, 1667-1922

Slavery, the slave trade, and indentured servants chiefly in the British colonies in North America and the West Indies.

Unit 4, 1733-1758

Copies of acts of the British Parliament to promote, encourage, protect, and improve the economy and trade of the colonies, especially the production of sugar and coffee in the Americas.

Unit 5, 1775-1776

Legal documents and related correspondence concerning the brig Nancy and her cargo of molasses seized on the charge that the owners, Joshua Winslow and his widow, were not loyal to the American cause.

Unit 6, 1751-1818

Invoices and related items for local purchases of sugar, molasses, and rum; two printed tracts, one by Dr. Benjamin Rush, and the other quoting Benjamin Franklin, on temperance or abstinence from alcohol.

Unit 7, 1753-1797

Letters from seafaring members of the Waite family relating to commerce and trade in sugar, molasses, lumber, barrel staves, and other cargo in the West Indian trade and the disruption of trade by a British embargo during the French Revolution and the seizure and later release of a Waite ship at Barbados.

Unit 8, 1865-1888

Copies of articles extracted from Harper’s and other periodicals pertaining to life and economy in sugar lands of Cuba and the West Indies.

Unit 9, 1829-1834

Letters of Dr. Thomas Cooper, M. D., President of South Carolina College.

Unit 10, 1857-1887

Copies of illustrated articles by T. B. Thorpe, Charles Gayarre, and others extracted from Harper’s and Scribner’s pertaining to Louisiana and the sugar industry.

Unit 11, 1861

Civil War military pass.

Unit 12, 1717-1842

Newspapers from Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Halifax, N.S., containing articles, news, and advertisements pertaining to sugar, molasses, rum, and tea.

Unit 13, 1860-1898, undated

Prints extracted from periodicals pertaining to the sugar industry in Louisiana, New York, and Trinidad.

Unit 14, 1864-1866

Record books of whaling voyages.

Unit 15, 1791-1882

Manuscripts and printed items dealing mostly with sugar trade and manufacture.

DESCRIPTIONS OF UNITS

Date

Contents

Unit 1, 1729-1841

Orders, invoices, bills of lading, receipts, and related papers pertaining to domestic and international production and trade in sugar, molasses, and rum in former and current British, French, and Spanish colonies in the Americas, giving prices of products, charges for shipping, etc.

1729

Invoice of Joseph Wharton containing rum and sugar items, issued to Joshua Burch. #95;

1759

Account of duties of Mr. Evert Bryvanek, taken from treasurer’s account, April 1755 to June 1759, signed by Abr. Lott, Treasurer. #91

1760

Louisbourg, sugar clearance paper. #22

1761, 1768

Invoice for run and molasses shipped by William Bartlet and Moses Brown on board schooner Success and consigned to Josiah and Samuel Coates, Merchants, Philadelphia (1761); invoice for sugar and rum shipped by William Bartlet and Moses Brown on board schooner “Pamona” and consigned to Josiah and Samuel Coates, Merchants (1761); invoice for 10 hhds rum shipped by William Redwood on board brig “Hazard” and consigned to Josiah and Samuel Coates, Merchants, Philadelphia; dated, Antigua (July 28, 1786).

1765

Receipt for sugar from Isaac Lane, shipped to Edward Penington, July 8, 1765. #51

1777

Order for sugar to be delivered to Governor Matthew Griswold, July 31, 1777. #42

1786

Expenses for the table of a New York housewife, Mrs. Ann Stewart, from April 10, 1785 to January 26, 1786. #65

1707-1806

Invoices and letters pertaining to sugar, principally from the West Indies, to Stephen Dutilh[?], Philadelphia merchant. #71

1807

5 items: Invoices for the exportation of sugar from America to Amsterdam by William A. Livingston. Two invoices apparently are signed “Wm. A. Livingston.” #10

1829

29 items: Bills of lading for Brig “Envoy” of Boston. #69

1841

4 items: Copies of documents signed by Paul H. Delano, Consul of the United States, in connection with damage done to the ship, “Jasper” of Fairhaven. #89

Unit 2, 1784-1922

Printed materials pertaining to the planting, production and processing of sugar cane;

Date

Contents

domestic and international trade and commerce in sugar, molasses, and rum; slave trade and slave labor; promotion, encouragement and protection of the sugar industry; the further encouragement and promotion of agriculture and trade in the natural assets and advantages of British, French, and Spanish colonies, and Louisiana; and aspects of beet and maple sugar production.

1784

At a meeting of the West-India Planters and Merchants, “Resolved, that the following Considerations on the Present State of the Intercourse between his Magesty’s SUGAR COLONIES and the Dominions of the UNITED STATES of AMERICA, be printed, and sent, in the name of this Meeting, to every Member of both Houses of Parliament, and to the Principal Trading Towns in Great Britain and Ireland.” Signed by James Allen, Secretary in London, May 14, 1784. Printed volume. #33

1789

“Boston Price Current” in The Gentlemen and Ladies Town and Country Magazine. Printed volume. #2

1790

Remarks on the Manufacturing of Maple Sugar: With Directions For Its Further Improvement. “Collected by a society of gentlemen, in Philadelphia, and published for the general information and benefit of the citizens of the United States.” Philadelphia Printed, 1790. London: Reprinted by James Phillips, George Yard, Lombard Street, 1791. Printed volume. #32

1801

Reprint of Professor Beckman’s “Dissertation on the History of Sugar,” in The Philosophical Magazine. 1 item. #39

1805

“Report of the Committee of Commerce and Manufactures, To Whom Was Referred on The Nineteenth Ultimo, The Memorial of Sundry Manufacturers of Refined Sugar in the City and State of New-York.” January 21, 1805. #9

1806

In the Senate of the United States. “Memorial of the house of Representatives of the Territory of Orleans, praying that an Altercation May be Made in the Law of Last Session, Respecting the Titles to Lands: and for a Further Encouragement to the Culture of Sugar.” 1806. Printed volume. #6

1832

Speech of Henry Clay, “In Defence of the American System against the British Colonial System: with an Appendix of Documents Referred to in the Speech.” Delivered in the Senate of the United States, February 2, 3, and 6, 1832. Washington: Printed by Gales and Seaton, 1832. Printed volume. #3

1833

“Memorias De La Sociedad de Amigos Del Pais Sobre El Azucar.” Inscribed by the author, Dr. Hamilton, the companion of Humboldt on his trip through South America. Caracas, 1833. #66

1845

Article on “Sugar Making” from The American Penny Magazine.

1847

Report of the Secretary of the Treasury communicating “A report of scientific

Date

Contents

investigations relative to the chemical nature of saccharine substances, and the art of manufacturing sugar; made, under the direction of Professor A. D. Bache, by Professor R. S. McCulloh. Senate. 29th Congress, 2nd Session. #72

1859-1860

Scientific American. A journal of practical information in art, science, mechanics, agriculture, chemistry, and manufacturers. (New York) #96

1. “Hedged Imported Sugar Mills.”
2. “Sugar cane Mills”
3. “Apparatus for Clarifying Cane Juice.”
4. “Improved Cider and Sugar-Mill.”
5. “An Improvement needed in Sugar-cane Mills.”
6. “Improved Connected Steam Train for Manufacturing Choice Brown Sugar From Cane Juice.”

1860

“Sugar,” Article in unidentified magazine. #43

1869

“Refined Sugar.” Article from unidentified source. Handwritten on bottom of page 391, “Hartford, Conn., 1869?” #37

1880

“The Sugar Question,” by George Baden Powell. Article from Frazer’s Magazine. #29

1886

“A Lump of Sugar,” by R. R. Bowker. According to penciled notation article is from Harper’s, June-November. #34

1889

List showing boilers and H. P. for sugar Refineries in the United States, Cuba, France, Spain, Italy, China, Hawaiian Islands, Mexico, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick. #63

1903

“The Sugar Question,” by unidentified author. Article from The Magazine of Commerce, London. #30

1909

“The Story of Sugar,” by Judson C. Welliver, and “Tragedies of the Sugar Dust,” by Charles P. Norcross. Seven articles from Hampton’s Magazine. 7 items #31

1915

“Production of Sugar Within the Empire.” Article from Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry 1915. #40

1922

“The Case for State Assistance for Home Grown Sugar,” The British Sugar Beet Growers’ Society, Limited. #13

undated

“Colony Commerce, or, Reflections on the Commercial System, as it respects the West-India Islands, our Continental Colonies, & the United States of America, with some Remarks on the Present High Price of Sugar, and the Means of Reducing It,” by Alexander Campbell Brown. London: Printed for R. Faulder, Bond-Street; sold also by W. and J. Stratford, No. 112, Holborn Hill. Printed volume. #8

Date

Contents

Unit 3, 1667-1922

Slavery, the slave trade, and indentured servants chiefly in the British colonies in North America and the West Indies.

1667

Bound tract relating to the slave trade in America. “An Answer of the Company of Royal Adventurers of England trading into Africa to the Petition and Paper of Certain Heads and Particular thereunto relating and annexed, exhibited to the Honourable House of Commons by Sir Paul Painter, Ferdinando Gorges, Henry Batson, Benjamin Skutt, and Thomas Knights, on Behalf Themselves and Others concerned in His Majesty’s Plantations in America. Printed volume. #12

1700

Manuscript relating to Colonial deportation, “Proposalls humbly offer’d for regulating the method of sending servants to his Majtys[?] Forraigne Plantations”. #77

1767

“A Caution to Great Britain and her colonies in a short representation of the calamitous state of the enslaved Negroes in the British dominions,” Ant. Benezet. (Philadelphia printed: London reprinted) Printed volume. #4

1788

“The Constitution of the Pennsylvania Society, for Promoting Abolition of Slavery, and the Relief of Free Negroes, Unlawfully Held in Bondage. Begun in the year 1774, and enlarged on the twenty-third of April, 1787. To which are added, the acts of the General Assembly of Pennsylvania for the gradual abolition of slavery.” (Philadelphia: printed by Francis Baily, 1788.) Printed volume. #7

1840

Reprint, of House of Representatives (Executive) Document No. 185, 26th Congress, 1st session. Africans taken in the “Amistad.” Congressional document, containing the correspondence, etc. in relation to the captured Africans. #5

1922

Printed copy of “A Rhode Island Slaver, Trade Book of the Sloop ‘Adventure,’ 1773-1774, Shepley Library, Providence 1922” From original manuscript in the library of George L. Shepley, with notes and introduction by Prof. Verner W. Crance of Brown University. Printed volume. #68

Unit 4, 1733-1758

Copies of acts of the British Parliament to promote, encourage, protect, and improve the economy and trade of the colonies, especially the production of sugar and coffee in the Americas.

1733

An act for the letter securing and encouraging the trade of His Majesty’s sugar colonies in America. #99

1742

An act to empower the importers of proprietors of rum or spirits of the British sugar plantations to land the same before payment of the duties of excise charged thereon, and to lodge the same in Warehouses at their own expense; and for the relief of Ralph Barrow, in respect to the duty of some Rock salt, left by the overflowing of the Rivers Weaver and Dane. #75

Date

Contents

1746

An act for the better securing and encouraging the trade of His Majesty’s sugar colonies in America. #45

1747

An act to continue two several acts therein mentioned; one for encouraging the growth of coffee in His Majesty’s plantations in America, and the other for the better securing and encouraging the trade of His Majesty’s sugar colonies in America. #73

1756

An act for further continuing an act of the sixth year of the reign of his present Majesty, for securing and encouraging the trade of His Majesty’s sugar colonies in America, to indemnify commissioners of the land tax for counties at large and ridings who have acted by obviate a doubt relating to the qualification of commissioners of the land tax, for the city and liberty of Westminster. #74

1758

An act to continue several laws therein mentioned, for granting a liberty to carry sugars of the growth, produce, or manufacture, of any of his Majesty’s sugar colonies in America, from the said colonies directly into foreign parts, in ships built in Great Britain, and navigated according to law; etc. #79

Unit 5, 1775-1776

Legal documents and related correspondence concerning the brig Nancy and her cargo of molasses seized at Norwich, Connecticut, in the first year of the American Revolutionary War by order of Gen. George Washington on the charge that the owners, Joshua Winslow and his widow, were not loyal to the American cause.

1775

Orders of Committee of Correspondents & Inspection for the town of Norwich, respecting Brig “Nancy,” Thomas Davis, Master. #80

1776

Copy of bill regarding Brig “Nancy” at a general assembly of the government and company of the colony of Connecticut at Hartford (by special order of the government). #83

1776

Orders from Hannah Winslow to Captain Thomas Davis, Boston, July 8, 1776. #81

1776

Letter from Sinon Pease, Newport, to Captain Ebenezer Baldwin regarding Washington’s decision regarding the molasses in the Brig “Nancy”. #87

undated

Invoice of the cargo of molasses of the Brig “Nancy” lately belonging to Joshua Winslow, late of Boston. #82

Unit 6, 1751-1818

Invoices and related items for local purchases of sugar, molasses, and rum; two printed tracts, one by Dr. Benjamin Rush, and the other quoting Benjamin Franklin, on temperance or abstinence from alcohol.

1751

Letter to “Loving Friend John Rinal” from John Wilson ordering among other things “If my credit stands good with thee, send a Hogshead of Rum.” #15

Date

Contents

1771

Letter from Jonathan Coates to “Respected Friend Samuel Coates.” #20

1773

Brown sugar and rum in an undertaker’s bill. #18

1784

Order for brown sugar to Joseph and Samuel Coates signed by Henry Clifton. #23

1785

An enquiry into the effects of spirituous liquors upon the human body, and their influence upon the happiness of society by Benjamin Rush, M. D., Professor of Chemistry in the University of Philadelphia. Printed 1782-1785. #1

1788

Letter of Henry West, Haverhill, to Messrs. Josiah and Samuel Coates, Merchants, Philadelphia, April 25, 1788. #28

1818

Facts and observations interesting to the manufacturers, vendors, and consumers of ardent spirits, Philadelphia: to be had of Benjamin & Thomas Kite, No. 20, North Third Street: and for sale by Solomon W. Conrad, No. 87, Kimber and Sharpless, No. 93, and John Richardson, No. 8, North Third Street. 1818. #70

Unit 7, 1753-1797

Letters from seafaring members of the Waite family of Casco and Portland, Massachusetts (now Maine) relating to commerce and trade in sugar, molasses, lumber, barrel staves, and other cargo in the West Indian trade and the disruption of trade by a British embargo during the French Revolution and the seizure and later release of a Waite ship at Barbados.

1753

Letter from Carter & Astin to John Waite, Falmouth, Casco Bay, regarding the cargo of Schooner “Adventure” which consisted of rum and Moscavado sugar. Dated October 10. #92

1796

Letter from Thomas Waite, Barbados, to his father, John Waite, Portland, dated March 3. #48

1797

Seven letters from Thomas Waite, John Waite, and George Waite, 1796-1797. #93

Unit 8, 1865-1888

Copies of articles extracted from Harper’s and other periodicals pertaining to life and economy in sugar lands of Cuba and the West Indies.

1865

“Sugar-Making in Cuba,” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine. Vol. XXX, No. 178. #25

1870

“Facts About Cuba,” Published under the authority of the New York Cuban Junta, New York: Sun Job Printing Office, Printing-House Square. #11

1871

“Life in Cuba,” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine. #44

1876

“Barbados,” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine. #41

Date

Contents

1888

“Along the Caribbean IIIBarbados: The Elbow Island,” by Dr. William F. Hutchinson, The American Magazine. June, 1888. #16

Unit 9, 1829-1834

1829-1834

5 manuscript items: letters of Dr. Thomas Cooper, M. D., President of South Carolina College, Columbia, South Carolina, including one pertaining to the application of steam to sugar refining. #85

Unit 10, 1857-1887

Copies of illustrated articles by T. B. Thorpe, Charles Gayarre, and others extracted from Harper’s and Scribner’s pertaining to Louisiana and the sugar industry.

1857

“Sugar and the Sugar Region of Louisiana,” by T. B. Thorpe, Harper’s Magazine. #35

1873

“The Great SouthLouisiana,” Scribner’s Monthly, November 1873. #38

1887

“A Louisiana Sugar Plantation of the Old Regime,” (Bore Plantation), by Charles Gayarre, Harper’s New Monthly Magazine. #17

Unit 11, 1861

1861

Civil War military pass, Washington, D. C., June 14, 1861, signed by Federal military officer Drake De Kay. #94

Unit 12, 1717-1842

Newspapers from Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Halifax, N.S., containing articles, news, and advertisements pertaining to sugar, molasses, rum, and tea.

1717

The Boston News-Letter: No. 677 from Monday, April 1, to Mon., Apr. 8

No. 680 – from Mon., Apr. 22, to Mon. Apr. 29

No. 681 – from Mon., Apr. 29, to Mon, May 6

1792

Copy of “General Advertiser,” Saturday, October 27, 1792. #47 (oversize)

1833

The Novascotian, or “Colonial Herald”, Halifax, July 10 containing article, “China and its GovernmentPeculiar Nature of Its Anglo-Chinese TradeEast India Company’s Factory, and Hong Dealings.” Regarding tea. #27 (oversize)

1842

Copy of The New World, publication, New York, Saturday, November 12, 1842, containing article on Sugar Refineries. #49 (oversize)

Unit 13, 1860-1898, undated

Prints extracted from periodicals pertaining to the sugar industry in Louisiana, New York, and Trinidad.

1860

Woodcut of the Rhinelanders Sugar House, Duane and Rose Streets. #58

1872

“Making Chichi,” Harper’s. #64

Date

Contents

1894

A sugar mill; Schmidt & Ziegler’s, Willswood Plantation, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana. On reverse side: Picture of A. K. Seago, of A. K. Seago & Co., Sugar Brokers and Commission Merchant. #57

1894

Home of J. M. Burguieres, Sugar planter and dealer, Prytania Street, New Orleans. #61

1894

Residence of Lindley Murray Ferris, President of the Ferris Sugar Mfg. Co., Ltd., Second Street. #62

1898

“The Patriots Burning a Sugar-Mill Near Trinidad. #54

undated

The Sugar Levee, River Front, showing barrels stenciled, “Glendale Plantation Open Kettle,” possibly from New Orleans. #56

undated

The Louisiana Sugar & Rice Exchange, North Front Street. #59

undated

Dock at New Orleans, showing barrels stenciled, “Eureka Plant.” #67

Unit 14, 1864-1866

1864-1866

2 manuscript volumes: Record books of accounts of two whaling voyages of the schooner Rising Sun of Provincetown, Massachusetts, January-August 1865, and October 1865-August 1866

Unit 15, 1791-1882

1791

A printed certificate, executed in writing and signed by the Inspector of the Port of Philadelphia of the importation of a shipment of brandy from Marseilles by Stephen Girard, Philadelphia financier and philanthropist

1833

A copy of the “Regulations for Foreign Masters in St. Ube’s Harbour,” apparently copied by the office of the United States consul at St. Ube [near Lisbon, Portugal] for the information of U. S. ship masters.

1837

A copy of an indenture of a Charter-Party for the shipment of a cargo of sugar and coffee from Matanzas [Cuba] to Hamburg [Germany]. Printed form executed in writing.

ca. 1830s

Illustrated anti-slavery broadside of B. Henderson, China-Warehouse, Rye-Lane, Peekham [England], who “respectfully informs the Friends of Africa, that she has on Sale an Assortment of Sugar Basins, handsomely labeled in Gold Letters: ‘East India Sugar not made by Slaves.’”

1849, 1874, 1879, 1882

Extracted pages (4) from the periodical Scientific American pertaining to sugar culture and manufacturing. (oversize)

Date

Contents

1862

Invoice of a purchase of 32 hogsheads of molasses by Messrs. Silas Pierce and Co. from Danna Brothers, Boston.

1871-1872

7 documents of shipments of molasses from Cuban ports to U. S. ports, consisting of for each file and invoice of cargo, a declaration by purchaser of the accuracy, etc., of the invoice, and a certificate of the U. S. Consul at the Cuban port of the accuracy, etc., of the foregoing information.

INDEX TERMS

Bills of lading.

Correspondence.

Invoices.

Journals (periodicals)

Molasses.

Newspapers.

Pamphlets.

Rum.

Slavery--United States.

Sugar trade.

Sugar trade--West Indies.

Sugarcane industry--United States.

Sugar--Manufacture and refining.

Taussig, Charles William, 1896-

CONTAINER LIST

Stack

Location

Box

Folders

Contents

UU:107

1

1-11

Unit 1 (1729-1841)

2

12-32

Unit 2 (1784-1922, undated)

3

33-38

Unit 3 (1667-1922)

4

39-52

Units 4-6 (1733-1818, undated)

5

53-62

Units 7-12 [#98], 14 (1717-1888)

UU:108

6

63-72

Unit 13 (1860-1898)

7

73-74

Unit 15 (1791-1874)

OS:T

--

1

Newspapers: General Advertiser, Saturday, October 27, 1792. #47; The Novascotian, or “Colonial Herald,” Halifax, July 10 containing article, “China and its GovernmentPeculiar Nature of Its Anglo-Chinese TradeEast India Company’s Factory, and Hong Dealings.” Regarding tea. #27; The New World, New York, Saturday, November 12, 1842, containing article on Sugar Refineries. #49; extracted pages (4) from the periodical Scientific American pertaining to sugar culture and manufacturing (1849-1882)