See also UPA Microfilm:

MF 5735, Series B, Reels 3-4

CHAMBERS (ROWLAND) DIARIES

(Mss. 839)

Inventory

Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections

Special Collections, Hill Memorial Library

Louisiana State University Libraries

Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University

Reformatted 2003

Revised 2010

CONTENTS OF INVENTORY

SUMMARY .................................................................................................................................... 3
BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL NOTE ...................................................................................... 4
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE ................................................................................................... 4
COLLECTION DESCRIPTION .................................................................................................... 5
INDEX TERMS .............................................................................................................................. 7
CONTAINER LIST ........................................................................................................................ 8

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SUMMARY

Size.

7 volumes and 1 typescript

Geographic locations.

New Orleans, La.; St. Louis, Mo.; Natchez, Miss.; Panama City, Panama

Inclusive dates.

1849-1863

Bulk dates.

1858-1860

Language.

English

Summary.

Diaries of Dr. Rowland Chambers, dentist, from 1848-1863. Entries pertain to Chambers' work in Panama, Yazoo County, Miss., and Madison Parish, La. Also includes a personal account of the Union siege of Vicksburg from May 26, 1862 to June 30, 1863.

Organization.

Journals arranged chronologically

Restrictions on access.

No restrictions. If microfilm is available, photocopies must be made from microfilm.

Related collections.

N/A

Copyright.

Copyright of the original materials is retained by descendants of the creators in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Citation.

Rowland Chambers Diaries, Mss. 839, Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, La.

Stack location(s).

G:16

Also available on.

Microfilm 5735, Series B, Reel 3-4

BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL NOTE

Dr. Rowland Chambers was an itinerant dentist of Vicksburg, Mississippi. He was born in 1803 or 1804 and died in 1866 at age 63.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

Diaries and journals of Dr. Rowland Chambers. The six diaries of Dr. Chambers extend over the period from 1849 to 1863. In 1849, Chambers was a resident of North St. Louis. His early diaries record the voyage from St. Louis to Panama City, Panama, by way of New Orleans and smaller towns in Panama such as Chagres, Gorgona, and Cruces. He also discusses his views of religious ceremonies in Panama (1850). Chambers practiced dentistry in Panama City for a year and returned to Natchez in 1851.

During the years 1858-1860, the diarist lived in Sataria, Yazoo County, Mississippi, and Richmond, Madison Parish, Louisiana. Chambers travelled the surrounding territory and mentions the places visited, the names of his patients and their slaves, his health and the health of his patients and their families, his activities at home, local events, visitors at his house, and the weather.

The diary for the years 1862 and 1863 lists Chambers as a citizen of Vicksburg, Mississippi. He gives a personal account of the siege of Vicksburg beginning with the events of May 26, 1862, continuing through the summer of that year, and lapsing after the withdrawal of the Federal armies which signified the end of the first campaign against the city. When resumption of the campaign threatened in December 1862, Chambers resumed his diary account and kept it regularly until the end of June 1863.

The journals which are part of the diaries list yearly income, names of patients, kinds of dental work performed, and amounts received for services.

Also included in the collection is a diary of Augustus Lattz, Company H, 76th Regiment, Illinois Volunteers, which includes a few entries concerning the activities of his regiment. Typed transcripts are available for two of the diaries.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

Volume 1

Diary. California Expedition from St. Louis, Mo. November 10, 1849Easter Sunday 1850 (copied and Journal.)

Diary of Rowland Chambers of St. Louis, Missouri, written as an account. Made the trip from St. Louis to New Orleans on the steamboat Atlantic. Left New Orleans on Nov. 22, 1849 on the schooner American for Chagres. Mentions that many of the passengers were seasick and two died of cholera. Arrived at Chagres on Dec. 11. Describes Chagres, and the trip up the river to Cruces. Gives details of carry[ing] baggage across the Isthmus to Panama. Describes the town of Panama and states, “I Rented me an office for the purpose of practicing Dentistry on the 26 of December 1849 at the Rates of $30.00 per month.” Gives a description of the religious ceremonies leading up to Easter Sunday. (Typescript of diary).

Second half of the book lists charges made for dental work in Natchez. It is in the form of a journal, from Jan. 1, 1852 to Nov., 1852, and Sept., 1851 to Dec., 1851.

[?] Journal entries, Sept. 1851, Nov. 1852

Cash entries, May-Oct. 1849

Volume 2

Journal and Diary

Journal. North St. Louis. May 1, 1849 Oct. 21, 1849.

Diary from Jan. 1, 1851 to Feb. 1, 1851 describes trip from Panama to Garichena. Mentions hunting with Indians, their habits, food, clothing and means of travel.

Volume 3

Diary. Jan. 1, 1858-Dec., 1858.

Satartia, Yazoo County, Mississippi

Mentions places visited, names of patients, kind of dental work, and amount received for services. Some items list work done on slaves on plantations. Also gives daily weather report and some personal items.

Volume 4

Diary. Jan. 1, 1859-Dec. 31, 1859.

Richmond, Madison Parish, Louisiana

Entries are chiefly for residents of Madison, East and West Carroll, and Richland parishes. In the cash accounts, Chambers lists the names of his patients by months, the amount received from each one, and the total amount received for the year.

Volume 5

Diary. Jan. 1, 1860-Dec. 25, 1860.

Richmond, Madison Parish, Louisiana

Entries are similar to those of volume 4 until Oct. 21, at which time Dr. Chambers was taken ill. The total amount received for the year was about one-third of the amount received for the year 1859.

Volume 6

Diary. May 26, 1862-June 30, 1863.

Vicksburg, Mississippi

Early entries are accounts for 1858 and 1859. Diary gives a day-by-day account of the siege of Vicksburg. (Typescript of diary).

Cash entries, June 1858-Apr. 1859, including a few diary entries, June 7-26, 1858.

Volume 7

Diary. Jan. 10, 1863-July 25, 1863.

Augustus Lattz, Company H, 76th Regiment, Illinois Volunteers.

Entries concern activities around Vicksburg and Jackson.

INDEX TERMS

Dentistry--Louisiana.

Dentistry--Mississippi.

Dentists--Mississippi.

Diaries.

Lattz, Augustus.

Panama--Description and travel.

Slaves--Medical care--Louisiana.

Slaves--Medical care--Mississippi.

United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives.

Vicksburg (Miss.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives.

Vicksburg (Miss.)--History--Siege, 1863.

CONTAINER LIST

Stack

Location

Box

Folder(s)

Contents (with dates)

G:16

1

--

Volumes 1-7 (1849-1863)

Typed transcripts of Volumes 1, 6

Microfilm

5735

--

--

Series B, Reels 3-4