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CAPELL FAMILY PAPERS


CAPELL FAMILY PAPERS

(Mss. 56, 257, 1751, 2501, 2597)

Inventory

by Luana Henderson

Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections Special Collections, Hill Memorial Library Louisiana State University Libraries Baton Rouge, Louisiana

(2001)

CAPELL FAMILY PAPERS Mss. 56, 257, 1751, 2501, 2597
1816-1931
Contents of Inventory
Summary 3
Biographical/Historical Note 4
Scope and Content Note 5
Index Terms 6
Container List 7-10

Use of manuscript materials. If you wish to examine items in the manuscript group, please fill out a call slip specifying the materials you wish to see. Consult the Container List for location information needed on the call slip.

Photocopying. Should you wish to request photocopies, please consult a staff member before segregating items to be copied. The existing order and arrangement of unbound materials must be maintained.

Publication. Readers assume full responsibility for compliance with laws regarding copyright, literary property rights, and libel.

Permission to examine archival and manuscript materials does not constitute permission to publish. Any publication of such materials beyond the limits of fair use requires specific prior written permission. Requests for permission to publish should be addressed in writing to the Head, LLMVC, Special Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, LA, 70803-3300. When permission to publish is granted, two copies of the publication will be requested for the LLMVC.

Proper acknowledgment of LLMVC materials must be made in any resulting writing or publications. The correct form of citation for this manuscript group is given on the summary page. Copies of scholarly publications based on research in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections are welcomed.

CAPELL FAMILY PAPERS Mss. 56, 257, 1751, 2501, 2597

1816-1931
Summary
Size. 1 linear ft., 30 v.
Geographic
locations. Mississippi, Louisiana, Kentucky, Tennessee
Inclusive
dates. 1816-1931.
Bulk dates. 1840-1880
Languages. English.
Summary. Correspondence, business papers, legal documents, manuscript volumes.
Access. No restrictions.
Copyright. Physical rights are retained by the LSU Libraries. Copyright of the original
materials is retained by descendants of the creators of the materials in accordance
with U.S. copyright law.
Citation. Capell Family Papers, Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections, LSU
Libraries, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
Stack
location. U:299, F:11, OS:C, Microfilm, Vault

CAPELL FAMILY PAPERS Mss. 56, 257, 1751, 2501, 2597

1816-1931

Biographical/Historical Note

The Capell family were planters and merchants of Amite and Wilkinson Counties, Mississippi. Littleton Capell, a native of South Carolina, migrated to the Territory of Mississippi early in the 19th century. In 1811 he purchased land from the Federal government in the southwest corner of Amite County. He established himself as a planter and held half interest in a general store at Rose Hill, Mississippi. After his death, sometime in the 1830s, his wife Catherine inherited the plantation and his son, Eli Jackson Capell, inherited his father=s interest the store at Rose Hill; Eli also managed his father=s estate. At his mother=s death Eli J. Capell inherited the plantation along with her slaves. As the owner of Pleasant Hill Plantation, Eli J. Capell was a progressive agriculturalist who attempted to convince his neighbors to improve their own agricultural methods. An avid reader of farm journals, he often corresponded with editors, and several of his letters of inquiry as well as his own observations and experiments were published in agricultural papers.

Eli Capell married Margaret Anderson of Centreville, Mississippi; together they had two daughters, Kate and Ophelia, and two sons, Robert L. and Henry Clay. During the Civil War Robert L. Capell served as a private in Captain Moses Jackson's company, the 33rd Regiment of the Mississippi Volunteers; he died in Franklin, Tennessee in 1865 during his military service. Henry Clay Capell practiced law in Centerville, Mississippi. Ophelia Capell attended Silliman Female Collegiate Institute in Clinton, Louisiana (ca. 1868-1869), and Kate married A. C. Crawford, a division superintendent of the Wrought Iron Range Company.

CAPELL FAMILY PAPERS Mss. 56, 257, 1751, 2501, 2597

1816-1931

Scope and Content Note

Business papers and legal documents comprise the bulk of this collection. Most legal documents pertain to acquisition of land by Littleton Capell and his son, Eli J. Capell; they include instruments of conveyance, certificates of land ownership, and land deeds. Among the business papers are invoices for the shipment of cotton and goods, several slave bills of sale (1822-1856), receipts, and correspondence relating primarily to the sale of cotton and goods. Additionally, there are typescripts of plantation diary entries for Pleasant Hill Plantation (v. 15-16, v.19-25, v.27) recording inventories of slaves, live stock and farm equipment, a daily tally of cotton picked by slaves, yearly distribution of clothing and tools to slaves, weight of cotton bales, and amount of cotton sold annually. Slave records list individual slaves by name.

Personal correspondence contains two letters from Jefferson Davis in which he recommends Dr. Charles Pelaez to Henry Capell (Nov. 6,1882), and he refers to the South=s fight for the Arighteous cause@ (Nov. 6,1882). Several letters to President Grover Cleveland endorse the appointment of Henry Clay Capell to the position of United States consul to Paso del Norte, Mexico (MarchAug.1893); and in other letters, friends of Henry Capell attest to his high moral character (1895) as a citizen and attorney. Letters regarding the death of Robert Capell, son of Eli J. Capell, at Franklin, Tenn. (Aug. 31, 1865, Sept. 27, 1865), and the impact of the Civil War (Jan. 9, 1866) are also included.

Among miscellaneous items is a tintype of an unidentified man (n.d.); a list of heirs to the estate of John Reese (ca.1880); Capell family genealogy [photocopy] (n.d.) spanning the years 1841-1969; and a biography of Eli J. Capell [photocopy] by Wendell Holmes Stephenson that was published in The Mississippi Valley Historical Review (n.d.); and price lists and advertisements for farm equipment and live stock (n.d.).

Manuscript volumes consist primarily of plantation diaries (1842-1867) for Pleasant Hill Plantation, related plantation record books including a cotton book (1881-1891) of H. C. Capell; crop book (1840-1849); and plantation records books of other family members. Capell maintained daybooks (1880, 1886-1887) while operating a store near Rose Hill, Mississippi; volume five also contains the constitution, bylaws, order of business, and list of members of the Rose Hill Agricultural and Horticultural Club (1880).

Papers are arranged chronologically; plantation diaries typescripts and manuscript volumes are arranged by volume number.

CAPELL FAMILY PAPERS Mss. 56, 257, 1751, 2501, 2597

1816-1931

Index Terms

Capell, Henry Clay Capell, Littleton Capell, Eli J. (1814-1888) Cleveland, Grover (1837-1908) Conveyancing Cotton picking Cotton trade B Mississippi Cotton growing - Mississippi Davis, Jefferson (1808-1889) Deeds General stores B Mississippi Pleasant Hill Plantation (Miss.) Rose Hill (Miss.) Rose Hill Agricultural and Horticultural Club Slave bills of sale Slavery B Mississippi Slaves B MississippiB Social conditions United States B History B Civil War, 1861-1865

CAPELL FAMILY PAPERS Mss. 56, 257, 1751, 2501, 2597

1816-1931

Container List

Stack Box Folder Contents location

Plantation diaries [typescripts]:

U:299 1 1 v. 15 (1850) 25 pages. 2 v. 16 (1851) 27 pages. 3 v. 19 (1853) 20 pages. 4 v. 20 (1854) 12 pages. 5 v. 21 (1855) 2 pages. 6 v. 22 (1856) 13 pages. 7 v. 23 (1857) 4 pages. 8 v. 24 (1858) 4 pages. 9 v. 25 (1859) 3 pages.

10 v. 27 (1862) 1 page.

U:299 1 11 Tintype (n.d.)

Correspondence, business and legal papers:

U:299
2 1-13 1817-1859
U:299
3 1-13 1860-1930

Manuscript volumes:

F:11 v. 1 Cotton book, H. C. Capell (1888-1891).

v.
2 Crop book (1840-1849).
v.
3 Daybook (1840-1849).
v.
4 Daybook (1849-1876).
v.
5 Daybook (1880).
v.
6 Daybook of sales (1886-1887)
v.
7 Laborers= record book (1881), notebook (n.d.).
v.
8 Plantation diary (1842).

CAPELL FAMILY PAPERS Mss. 56, 257, 1751, 2501, 2597

1816-1931

Container List (cont.)

Stack Folder Contents location

Manuscript volumes:

F:11 v. 9 Plantation diary (1844).

v. 10 Plantation diary (1845).

v. 11 Plantation diary (1846).

v. 12 Plantation diary (1847).

v. 13 Plantation diary (1849).

v. 14 Plantation diary (1850).

v. 15 Plantation diary records only (1850).

v. 16 Plantation diary (1851).

v. 17 Plantation diary (Jan.-Sept.1852; Jan.-March 1856).

v. 18 Plantation diary (Jan.-May 1852; Sept. 1852-Jan. 1853).

v. 19 Plantation diary (1853).

v. 20 Plantation diary (1854).

v. 21 Plantation diary (1855).

v. 22 Plantation diary (1856).

v. 23 Plantation diary (1857).

v. 24 Plantation diary (1858).

v. 25 Plantation diary (1859).

v. 26 Plantation diary (1861).

v. 27 Plantation diary (1862).

v. 28 Plantation diary (Jan.-June 1863; 1842).

v. 29 Plantation diary (June1863-April 1866).

v. 30 Plantation diary (1866-1867).

Oversize material:

OS:C 1 Certificates of ownership, deeds (1816, 1826, 1838, 1859,

1868, 1875); The Centreville Jeffersonian (Oct. 23,

1931).

CAPELL FAMILY PAPERS Mss. 56, 257, 1751, 2501, 2597

1816-1931

Container List (cont.)

Stack Folder Contents location

Vault 1 Jefferson Davis letters (Nov. 6, 1882) [restricted] Use photocopies at U:299, box 3.

Microfilm: Manuscript volumes were previously combined and known as Eli J. Capell Plantation Diaries and Record Books. Volumes have been renumbered and placed in the Capell Family Papers, Mss. 56, 257, 1751, 2501, 2597 and the Eli J. Capell Family Papers, Mss. 674.

Capell Family Papers volume number: Previous microfilm volume number:

v. 1 Cotton book, H. C. Capell (1888-1891). v. 3

v. 2 Crop book (1840-1849). v. 4

v. 3 Daybook (1840-1849). v. 5

v. 4 Daybook (1849-1876). v. 5a

v. 5 Daybook (1880). v. 6

v. 6 Daybook of sales (1886-1887). v. 7

v. 7 Laborers= record book (1881), notebook (n.d.). v. 9

v. 8 Plantation diary (1842). v. 21

v. 9 Plantation diary (1844). v. 22

v. 10 Plantation diary (1845). v. 23

v. 11 Plantation diary (1846). v. 24

v. 12 Plantation diary (1847). v. 25

v. 13 Plantation diary (1849). v. 26

v. 14 Plantation diary (1850). v. 27

v. 15 Plantation diary records only (1850). v. 28

v. 16 Plantation diary (1851). v. 29

v. 17 Plantation diary (Jan.-Sept.1852; v. 30 Jan.-March 1856).

v. 18 Plantation diary (Jan.-May 1852; v. 31 Sept. 1852-Jan. 1853).

v. 19 Plantation diary (1853). v. 32

v. 20 Plantation diary (1854). v. 33

v. 21 Plantation diary (1855). v. 34

v. 22 Plantation diary (1856). v. 35

CAPELL FAMILY PAPERS Mss. 56, 257, 1751, 2501, 2597

1816-1931

Microfilm: cont.

v. 23 Plantation diary (1857). v. 36

v. 24 Plantation diary (1858). v. 37

v. 25 Plantation diary (1859). v. 38

v. 26 Plantation diary (1861). v. 39

v. 27 Plantation diary (1862). v. 40

v. 28 Plantation diary (Jan.-June 1863; 1842). v. 41

v. 29 Plantation diary (June1863-April 1866). v. 42

v. 30 Plantation diary (1866-1867). v. 43

Eli J. Capell Family Papers: Previous microfilm volume number:

v. 1 Bank book (1907). v. 1

v. 2 Bank stub book (1883-1886). v. 2

v. 3 Laborers= record book (1867-1885). v. 8

v. 4 Ledger (1873-1882). v. 10

v. 5 Ledger (1916-1917). v. 11

v. 6 Memorandum book (1869-1876). v. 12

v. 7 Memorandum book (1878). v. 13

v. 8 Memorandum book (1885). v. 14

v. 9 Memorandum book (1887). v. 15

v. 10 Memorandum book, A. C. Crawford (1896). v. 16

v. 11 Memorandum book (1898-1903). v. 17

v. 12 Memorandum book (1898-1908). v. 18

v. 13 Memorandum book (1903). v. 19

v. 14 Memorandum book (1917). v. 20

v. 15 Plantation diary (1869). v. 44

v. 16 The Pocket Lawyer and Family Conveyancer (1845).v. 45