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Picture: Steve Bensman

Steve Bensman
Cataloger
notsjb@lsu.edu
578-6932



History of Assignments

LSU Libraries

Original Cataloger, 1997-Present

Catalog monographs and other types of materials as well as provide access through the library catalog to electronic resources on the Internet. As part of these duties, do enhance cataloging to bring OCLC records up to proper standards. Two special responsibilities are the cataloging of foreign-language materials and the establishment of NACO entry headings. In addition, perform minor collection development functions mainly in respect to foreign language and other special materials. Regarding the special materials, the most important contribution in the past was the further development of The Michael Lehman Williamson Collection of Civil War Books for Young People. As assigned, do statistical analyses for collection development, collection management, and other purposes. Concerning the latter function, three significant accomplishments were:
 
(1) Analysis of the use of the serials classed in RB, RC, RD, and SB for purposes of relegation to compact shelving or withdrawal;
(2) Shelf measurement of the journals covered by JSTOR in preparation for their relegation to compact shelving;
(3) Statistical analyses to help the Louisiana Academic Library Information Network Consortium (LALINC) Resources Development Committee to select an aggregator database--or an electronic bundle of periodical articles--from a number under consideration for the consortium.
 
Special Projects Librarian, 1994-1997
Handled large-scale book purchases, analyzed gift and special collections for acquisition, and did statistical analyses for collection development purposes. Significant contributions in this position were the following:
(1) Developed in collaboration with a computer analyst an experimental software program called the Serials Evaluator. The Evaluator can measure the scholarly value of serials in terms of expert ratings, total citations, or library usage, and compare this value to their price. This enables more rational decisions in the management of library serials holdings.
(2) Played a major role in the creation of The Michael Lehman Williamson Collection of Civil War Books for Young People of The U.S. Civil War Center;
(3) With money provided by a special state grant, strengthened the Judaica holdings of LSU Libraries to support an undergraduate program for an associate degree in Jewish studies; and
(4) Analyzed for rapid technical processing major backlogs of materials obtained by gifts or bulk purchases.
 
Original Cataloger, 1985-1994
Specialized in foreign language and rare monographic cataloging in all subject areas, using AACR2 as well as Library of Congress subject headings and class schedules. Input original cataloging records into the OCLC data base, and edited records input into this data base by other libraries. Served also as an emergency serials cataloger when these were lacking at LSU Libraries. Significant contributions in this position were:

(1) Did statistical analyses of the holdings of LSU Libraries to guide the work of the Cataloging Department in the conversion from paper to machine-readable records;
(2) Cataloged a major acquisition of French children's literature with content summaries for each title; and
(3) Appointed as an enhance cataloger allowed to make permanent upgrades to OCLC records.
 
Social Sciences Bibliographer, 1978-1985
Served as coordinator in the acquisition of library materials for fifteen academic departments encompassing the following disciplines: business administration, criminal justice, dance, economics, education, health, history, physical education, political science, psychology, social work, and sociology. In charge of budgets up to $300,000 for monographic purchases and $8,000 for new serials. Analyzed curricula, enrollments, faculty interests, circulation data, interlibrary loan usage, citation patterns, and the library's holdings to ensure that acquisitions met the needs of both teaching and research as well as satisfied accreditation standards in the social sciences. Significant contributions in this position were:
(1) Began the development of a sociobibliometric model of library usage which proved useful not only in the management of library collections but also in the evaluation of  faculty and academic departments;
(2) Established domestic and foreign approval programs for the automatic delivery of social science monographs;
(3) Arranged the donation of the FBI files on Huey P. Long as well as the university publicity of this donation; and
(4) Helped to obtain financing from the Friends of the Library for the Cuban Papers project of Paul Hoffman, Professor of History, which resulted in the continued acquisition by LSU Libraries of the Spanish archival materials for the period 1766-1803 on the entire territory of the Louisiana Purchase. Aided in the arrangement of the university publicity for this project, which earned a commendation from the Louisiana State Legislature.
 
Law School Library, University of Wisconsin at Madison

Foreign Law Librarian, 1975-1978
In charge of a special collection dedicated to foreign law within the Law School Library.  Purchased and cataloged monographs and serials in French, German, Russian, and Spanish, handling as well the circulation of these materials. Did reference work not only in foreign and international law but also in US domestic law. Special accomplishment in this position was to create a provisional foreign law classification system designed to integrate with the foreign law schedules then being developed by the Library of Congress.
 
Teaching
Documentation of Teaching Activities
Teaching Evaluations
 
Teaching History
Lecture on bibliographic research in history, History 7981, Graduate Seminar on Latin American Bibliography, September, 1984
 
Lecture on bibliographic research in history, History 7912, Graduate Seminar on European History, March, 1984.
 
Presentation on library resources to entering graduate students of the Department of Economics, August, 1983
 
Lecture on collection development principles, Library Science 7001, Collection Development, July, 1983
 
Lecture on bibliometric research in collection development, Library Science 7009, Research Methods in Library Science, June, 1982
 
Lecture on the proper methods to select library materials to a faculty meeting of the Department of Criminal Justice, March, 1982
 
Arranged in conjunction with Professor Martha Cheek, Department of Curriculum & Instruction, a seminar on materials in reading research attended not only by LSU faculty and students but also by teachers and educational administrators of the Baton Rouge area, October, 1981
 
Listing of Publications Concerning Instruction
 
Listing of Publications Concerning Instruction Accepted for Publication but Not Yet Published
 
Participation in Professional Meetings, Symposia, Workshops, and Conferences on Teaching and Local Instructional Activities
 
0ther Instructional Activities or Other Contributions to the Profession
 
Awards, Lectureships, or Prizes That Show Recognition of Teaching Achievement
 
Research Support/Grant Activities Aimed at Advancing One’s Ability to Teach
 
Research and Creative Activity
Listing of Research Publications
Books and Monographs
 
Chapters or Essays in Books (Sole Author)
“Bibliometrics as a Tool for the Evaluation of Policy Research in Social Work, “ in Toward Comparative Social Welfare, p. 169-179. Edited by Brij Mohan. Cambridge, Mass.: SchenkmanBooks, 1985.
 
Chapters or Essays in Books (Primary Author)
Bensman, Stephen J., and Kraft, Donald H. “Tibor Braun, the Journal Scientometrics, and the International Development of a New Discipline,” in The Multidimensional World of Tibor Braun: A Multidisciplinary Encomium for His 75th Birthday, p. 71-73. Edited by Wolfgang Glänzel, András Schubert, and Balázs Schlemmer. Leuven, Belgium: International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics, 2007.
 
Articles in Refereed Journals or Bulletins (Sole Author)
“Distributional Differences of the Impact Factor in the Sciences vs. the Social Sciences: An Analysis of the Probabilistic Structure of the 2005 Journal Citation Reports,” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 59 (July 2008): 1366-1382.
 
“Donald J. Urquhart and the Integration of Science with Librarianship: Part 1,” Interlending & Document Supply 35, 2 (2007): 74-84.
 
“Donald J. Urquhart and the Integration of Science with Librarianship: Part 2,” Interlending & Document Supply 35, 3 (2007): 124-130.
 
“Garfield and the Impact Factor,” Annual Review of Information Science and Technology 41 (2007): 93-155.
 
“Urquhart’s Law: Probability and the Management of Scientific and Technical Journal Collections: Part 1, The Law’s Initial Formulation and Statistical Bases,” Science & Technology Libraries 26, 1 (2005): 31-68.
 
“Urquhart’s Law: Probability and the Management of Scientific and Technical Journal Collections: Part 2, Probability in the Development and Management of a Central Document Delivery Collection,” Science & Technology Libraries 26, 2 (2005): 5-31.
 
“Urquhart’s Law: Probability and the Management of Scientific and Technical Journal Collections: Part 3, The Law’s Final Formulation and Implications for Library Systems,” Science & Technology Libraries 26, 2 (2005): 33-69.
 
“Urquhart and Probability: The Transition from Librarianship to Library and Information Science, “Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 56 (January 2005): 189-214.
 
 “Bradford’s Law and Fuzzy Sets: Statistical Implications for Library Analyses, IFLA Journal 27, 4 (2001): 238-246.
 
 “Urquhart’s and Garfield’s Laws: The British Controversy over Their Validity,” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 52 (July 2001): 714-724.
 
“Probability Distributions in Library and Information Science: A Historical and Practitioner Viewpoint,” Journal of the American Society for Information Science 51 (July 2000): 816-833.
 
“The Structure of the Library Market for Scientific Journals: The Case of Chemistry,” Library Resources & Technical Services 40 (April 1996): 145-170.
 
 “Journal Collection Management as a Cumulative Advantage Process,” College & Research Libraries 46 (January 1985), 13-29.
 
“Bibliometric Laws and Library Usage as Social Phenomena,” Library Research 4 (Fall 1982): 279-312.
 
Soviet Bibliographic Control over Legal Literature: A Historical Bibliography,” Law Library Journal 69 (May 1976): 232-246.
 
Articles in Refereed Journals or Bulletins (Primary Author)
Bensman, Stephen J., Smolinsky, Lawrence J., and Pudovkin, Alexander I. “Mean Citation Rate per Article in Mathematics Journals: Differences from the Scientific Model,” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 61 (July 2010), 1440-1463.
 
Bensman, Stephen J., and Leydesdorff, Loet. “Definition and Identification of Journals as Bibliographic and Subject Entities: Librarianship versus ISI Journal Citation Reports Methods and Their Effect on Citation Measures,” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 60 (June 2009): 1097-1117.
 
Bensman, Stephen J., and Wilder, Stanley J. “Scientific and Technical Serials Holdings Optimization in an Inefficient Market: A LSU Serials Redesign Project Exercise,” Library Resources & Technical Services 42 (July 1998): 147-242.
 
Articles in Refereed Journals or Bulletins (Secondary Author)
Leydesdorff, Loet, and Bensman, Stephen. “Classification and Powerlaws: The Logarithmic Transformation,” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 57 (September 2006): 1470-1486.
 
 
 
Edited Books with Scholarly Introductions or Notes by Editor 
 
Collections of Previously Unpublished Material, Correspondence, and Diaries
 
Recordings
 
Miscellaneous Communications (Sole Author)
“The Impact Factor, Total Citations, and Better Citation Mousetraps: A Commentary,” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 58 (October 2007): 1904-1908.
 
“Pearson’s r and Author Cocitation Analysis: A Commentary on the Controversy,” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 55 (August 2004): 935.
 
“Bensman’s Riposte to Cameron,” Newsletter on Serials Pricing Issues No. 225 (June 11, 1999): 225.2.
 
“Bensman’s Riposte to SPARC,” Newsletter on Serials Pricing Issues No. 220 (May 19, 1999): 220.2.
 
“Wrong Economic Model for the ARL SPARC Program?,” Newsletter on Serials Pricing             Issues No. 216 (March 6, 1999): 216.3.
 
“Scientific/Technical Journal Market,” Newsletter on Serials Pricing Issues No. 84 (June 12, 1997): 184.3.
 
“M.B. Line, Director General, Lending Division, the British Library, and Stephen J. Bensman, Social Sciences Bibliographer, Louisiana State University, Correspond regarding Dr. Bensman’s Paper ‘Bibliometric Laws and Library Usage as Social  Phenomena,’” v.4 (Fall 1982), p. 279-312,” Library & Information Science Research 5  (Fall 1983): 239-243.
 
Miscellaneous Communications (Primary Author)
Bensman, Stephen J., and Wilder, Stanley J. [Untitled communication on the effect of an inefficient market on the cost-per-use of scientific and technical documents in libraries], The Chronicle of Higher Education Online Colloquy: How Should Journals Charge?, August 1998.
 
Book Reviews (Sole Author)
Review of The Publish or Perish Book: Your Guide to Effective and Responsible Citation Analysis by Anne-Wil Harzing (Tarma Software Research Pty, 2010), Scientometrics,  88 (July 2011), 339-342.
 
Review of The Evaluation of Research by Scientometric Indicators by Péter Vinkler (Chandos Publishing, 2010), Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62 (January 2011), 208-210.
 
Review of Essays of an Information Scientist, Vol. 6, by Eugene Garfield, Journal of the American Society for Information Science 37 (May 1986), 169.
 
Review of “Data Libraries for the Social Sciences,” Library Trends 30 (Winter 1982), edited by Kathleen M. Heim, Library Research 4 (Winter 1982), 405-406.
 
Fourteen other book reviews in American Reference Books Annual 13-16 (1982-1985)
 
Electronic Dissemination of Research (Sole Author)
“Garfield and the Impact Factor: The Creation, Utilization, and Validation of a Citation Measure: Part 2, The Probabilistic, Statistical, and Sociological Bases of the Measure.” Baton Rouge, La., 2007. Available on the Web site of Dr. Eugene Garfield at the following URL: http://garfield.library.upenn.edu/bensman/bensmanegif22007.pdf
 
Listing of Other Publications Accepted for Publication but Not Yet Published
 
Other Creative and Artistic Contributions
Participation in Other Professional Meetings, Symposia, Workshops, and Conferences.
General Library Association Conferences Attended
American Library Association conferences: New Orleans, June, 2011; New Orleans, June, 2006; New Orleans, January, 2002; New Orleans, January, 1998; New Orleans, June, 1993; San Francisco, June, 1992; Chicago, June, 1991; Chicago, June, 1990; New Orleans, July, 1988; Chicago, January, 1987; Chicago, July, 1985; Washington, DC, January, 1985; Philadelphia, July, 1982; Chicago, June, 1978.
 
Association of College & Research Libraries Louisiana Chapter meeting, Baton Rouge, March, 2010.
 
Southwestern Library Association conference, San Antonio, October, 1980.
 
Southeastern Library Association/Southwestern Library Association joint conference,
New Orleans, October, 1978.
 
Louisiana Library Association conferences: Baton Rouge, March, 1984; Lake
Charles, March, 1982; Shreveport, April, 1981; Baton Rouge, March, 1979.
 
American Association of Law Libraries conference, Toronto, June, 1977.
 
Special Interest Library Conferences Attended
LOUIS: The Louisiana Library Network Users Conferences: Baton Rouge, October, 2010; Baton Rouge, October, 2009; Baton Rouge, October, 2008; Baton Rouge, October, 2007; Baton Rouge, October, 2006; Baton Rouge, October, 2004; Baton Rouge, September, 2003.
 
Center for Research Libraries Cooperative Collection Development Online Discussion, December 1997.
 
Louisiana Library Association Collection Development Interest Group conferences:
Baton Rouge, December, 1984; Baton Rouge, December, 1983; Hot Wells, November, 1982; Baton Rouge, November, 1981.
 
Southeastern ARL Libraries Cooperative Serials Project conferences: Philadelphia, July, 1982; Atlanta, March, 1982.
 
Conference on the Impact of Serials on Collection Development, Oklahoma City,
May, 1981.
 
International Conference on Approval Plans and Collection Development,
Milwaukee, October, 1979.
 
Library Education Conference Attended
Association of Library & Information Science Education conference, Washington,
DC, January, 1985.
 
Conferences of Other Associations Attended
American Society for Information Science and Technology* conferences: Austin, Texas, November, 2006; Charlotte, North Carolina, October-November, 2005; Providence, Rhode Island, November, 2004; Long Beach, California, October, 2003; Washington, DC, November, 2001; Chicago, November, 2000; Washington, DC, November, 1999.
[*In 2000, the Society changed its name to American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T) from American Society for Information Science (ASIS).]
 
Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals biennial Umbrella Conference, Manchester, England, July, 2003.
 
American Chemical Society conference, Las Vegas, September, 1997.
Association of American University Presses conference, Spring Lake, New Jersey, June, 1984.
 
Southern University Presses conference, Natchez, October, 1982.
 
Conference Papers Presented
“Urquhart and Probability: The Transition from Librarianship to Library and Information Science,” Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals biennial Umbrella Conference: Information in Action, Manchester, England, July, 2003.
 
“Line vs. Garfield: A Resolution of the Conflict,” History and Foundations of Information Science (SIG HFIS) Program: Historiography and History of Information Science, American Society for Information Science conference: Knowledge Innovations--Celebrating Our Heritage, Designing Our Future, Chicago, November, 2000.
 
“The Probability Structure of Human Knowledge: A Historical and Practitioner Viewpoint,” History and Foundations of Information Science (SIG HFIS) Program: Historical Perspectives on Knowledge Creation, American Society for Information Science conference: Knowledge: Creation, Organization, and Use, Washington, DC, November, 1999.
 
“The Social Bases of Scientific Value in the Library Market for Chemistry Journals, “ Division of Chemical Education Program: Confronting the Library Funding Crisis of the ‘90s at Undergraduate Institutions, American Chemical Society conference, Las Vegas, September, 1997.
 
"Conflicts between Library Collection Development and the Accreditation Review in Education: The Case of Louisiana State University," ACRL Education & Behavioral Sciences Section Program: Accreditation Review Strategies in Education and Psychology, American Library Association conference, New Orleans, July, 1988.
 
"Current Trends in Bibliometrics: Toward Central Theoretical Consensus or Dispersion of Interests and Methods," Continuing Education Workshop: Bibliometrics,  Association for Library & Information Science Education conference, Washington, DC, January, 1985.
 
"Journal Subscription Acquisitions: The View from the Library," Association of American University Presses conference, Spring Lake, New Jersey, June, 1984.
 
"Collection Evaluations in Libraries," Louisiana Library Association conference, Baton Rouge, March, 1984.
 
Presentations at Professional and Scholarly Meetings, Other Than Papers
“Cooperative Collection Development and Scientific/Technical Serials,” Center for Research Libraries Cooperative Collection Development Online Discussion, December, 1997. Presentation in collaboration with Stanley J. Wilder. This presentation was recently published in the following article: Wolf, Milton T. “Cooperative Collection Management: Online Discussion,” Collection Management 23 (4) (1998): 59-93. This article is actually a transcript of the online discussion, in which I played a fairly active role.
 
"Bibliometrics: A Tool in Academic Evaluation," Louisiana State University Faculty Forum, Baton Rouge, March, 1984.
 
"Journal Acquisitions: Publishers' and Librarians' Criteria for Economic Guidelines," panel member, Southern University Presses conference, Natchez, October, 1982.
 
"The Concentration of Library Usage as a Function of Elite Formation in Scholarship," Library Research Round Table Information Exchange Seminar, American Library Association conference, Philadelphia, July, 1982.
 
Other Scholarly or Creative Activities or Other Contributions to the Profession
 
Memberships in Professional Organizations
American Library Association, 1978-Present.
ALA Association for Library Collections & Technical Services, 1987-Present.
 
ALA Association of College & Research Libraries Louisiana Chapter, 2010-Present
 
ALA Association of College & Research Libraries, 1978-1987.

ACRL Slavic & East European Section, 1978-1987.

ALA Library Research Round Table, 1980-1987
 
American Society for Information Science and Technology, 1994-Present
 
Southeastern Library Association, 1981-1987
 
Southwestern Library Association, 1978-1981
 
Louisiana Library Association, 1978-1987
 
American Association of Law Libraries, 1975-1978 (Served on its Foreign, Comparative, and International Law Committee)
 
Memberships in Scholarly Societies
Phi Beta Kappa.
LSU Beta of Louisiana Chapter of Phi Beta Kappa.
 
Beta Phi Mu.
LSU Beta Zeta Chapter of Beta Phi Mu
 
Consulting Projects
Evaluated a grant proposal submitted to CUNY (The City University of New York) for research on the utilization of OCLC WorldCat records and library holdings to evaluate the significance of authors, works, and historical personages, December, 2007.           
 
Served in the capacity of one of three test sites for the National Research Council to try out the database developed by the Council during its 1993 survey of US research-doctorate programs, submitting to the Council a report detailing the faults of this database and how these faults could be corrected, 1996.
 
Served as consultant to the Provost’s Office in its effort to determine the potential of Louisiana State University for quality research-doctorate programs with the aid of National Research Council data, 1995-1998.
 
Rated the quality of research-doctorate programs at Louisiana State University for the LSU Graduate Council, when that body was assigned the task of determining which of such programs should be terminated as a result of a budgetary crisis, 1985. This project resulted in an internal document entitled An Assessment of Doctoral Programs at Louisiana State University: A Report to the LSU Graduate Council (Baton Rouge, La., 1985).
 
Advised the Chairman, Department of Geography & Anthropology, in establishing bibliometric standards to evaluate the faculty of his department and compare it to faculty at other universities, 1982-1985.
 
Performed bibliometric ratings of candidates for Head, Search Committee for Chairman of the Department of Sociology, 1984.
 
Other Awards, Lectureships, or Prizes That Show Recognition of Scholarly or Artistic Achievement
 
Scholar Librarian of the Year Award for 2009 conferred by the Louisiana Chapter of the Association of College & Research Libraries, 2010.
 
 
Other Research Support/Grant Activities
 
Theses/Dissertations Directed
 
Major Areas of Research Interest
Over the years my major research interest has been the probability structure of human knowledge, particularly as it pertains to the production, dissemination, evaluation, and use of information. In this, my emphasis has been upon scientific information.  This has caused me to focus my research and writing on three major areas: 1) probability and statistics; 2) the sociology of science; and 3) the usage of scientific information as measured by citations and library circulation. I have been particularly interested in the relationship between the citation and library use of scientific information, because citations are the measure, through which it is possible to connect the library use of scientific information to the social stratification system of science.
 
My primary aim has been the integration of the above three areas of interest. In doing so, I have come to see modern information science as a further development of a probabilistic and statistical revolution that occurred from the 17th century forward to the present day. This revolution entered a crucial phase in period 1850-1950 with the creation of Lexian statistics in Germany and biometric statistics in Britain. The latter statistics resulted from an attempt to quantify Darwin’s theory of evolution and laid the bases for modern inferential statistics. It was the amalgamation of Lexian and biometric statistics that led to the creation of the Poisson models that best describe the stochastic processes underlying scientific social stratification and information use.  
 
In my recent research I have concentrated on the two main historical developments that laid the quantitative bases for modern library and information science: 1) the establishment of a national science library in Britain; and 2) the creation of the citation indexing of science in the US. Concerning the first, Britain was the country not only where modern inferential statistics were pioneered but also where bibliometrics—an offshoot of these statistics—initially arose. The main locus for the creation of bibliometrics was the Science Museum Library in London, where S. C. Bradford and D. J. Urquhart did research on the classification and utilization of scientific information. Both these men summarized their results in bibliometric laws, and their efforts led to the establishment of the present-day British Library Document Supply Centre (BLDSC).
 
As for the second, citation indexing was developed in Philadelphia by Eugene Garfield, who in the 1960s established the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) that published the Science Citation Index together with other citation products. ISI and its citation products ultimately became part of Thomson Reuters. In his work Garfield came to collaborate with Robert K. Merton and his students as well as Derek J. de Solla Price, and together these persons integrated citation analysis with the history and sociology of science to establish a new discipline called scientometrics. Garfield himself was heavily influenced by bibliometric developments in Britain. My recent articles on Garfield have concentrated on a citation measure called the “impact factor,” which he created to evaluate scientific journals.   This measure has been the one most utilized not only to evaluate scientific journals but also scientists and scientific programs. One of these articles demonstrated that the probability distributions of the impact factor in the sciences tend to differ from those in the social sciences, with the latter ones manifesting much more randomness. It analyzed the reasons for this difference, showing how one could utilize it to distinguish a discipline following the scientific model of information from one following the social science model. Another article, which was done in collaboration with Loet Leydesdorff of the University of Amsterdam, analyzed how ISI’s methods of defining journals as bibliographic and subject entities deviate greatly from those methods practiced by American research libraries, showing that this causes what can be considered extreme distortions of citation measures such as the impact factor. It was for this article that I was given the 2009 Scholar Librarian of the Year Award by the Louisiana Chapter of the Association of College & Research Libraries.
My most recent article was done in collaboration with Lawrence J. Smolinsky, chairman of the LSU Department of Mathematics, and Alexander I. Pudovkin, an emeritus geneticist recently retired from the Institute of Marine Biology in Vladivostok, Russia. This article was a further development both my article on the distributional differences of the impact factor in the natural sciences from other disciplines and my joint paper with Leydesdorff on how ISI’s methods of defining journals as bibliographic and subject entities can distort citation measures. My most advanced paper in terms of probabilistic theory, this article shows that the distributional pattern of the impact factor in mathematics differs greatly from the natural sciences, with which mathematics is most often classified, not only because of disciplinary differences of mathematics from the natural sciences but also due to false randomization caused by ISI’s methods of measuring, bibliographically defining, and classifying journals. This article was given to the Dean of the LSU College of Basic Sciences as a reference in using citation measures to evaluate the mathematics faculty, and it placed the LSU Department of Mathematics on the scientometric map by statistically comparing its rankings of mathematics journals by importance as measured by LSU Libraries surveys to citation rankings of mathematics journals by importance.               
 
My research has been recognized by those who have been its subjects. For example, the editor of Interlending & Document Supply, the house organ of the British Library Document Supply Centre, invited me to write an article on the historical significance of this library’s founder, D. J. Urquhart. The article was published in two parts in 2007.   As for Eugene Garfield, he has posted most of my articles on his prestigious Web site at the following URL: http://www.garfield.library.upenn.edu/bensman/bensman.html
 
Four years ago, I was awarded a contract to write a book entitled The Probability Structure of Scientific Information: A History of Its Discovery. The contract was initially awarded by Elsevier but was transferred to Emerald, which is a British publisher developing a strong title list in information science. In this book I plan to sum up my life’s research as basically outlined above, and I hope to have it completed in about two years. The book is only about half done. I have almost finished the first part on the historical development of the probabilistic system underlying nature and society through the integration of British biometric and German Lexian statistics, and I am about to start on the second part on how his system was found operative in the production and use of scientific information.  One of the reasons the book is taking so long is that the research keeps uncovering new and deeper theoretical facets, which must be dealt with, such as the philosophical principles underlying modern science and inferential statistics.
 
Service
Student Organizations Advised
Presently participating as a faculty member in LSU Hillel.
 
Recruitment of Students and Faculty
Library Search Committees
Head, Business Administration/Government Documents Department, 1984
 
Serials Catalogers, 1983-1984
 
Head, Instructional Materials Center, 1982-1983
 
University Service (Department, College, University, and Faculty Senate Committees)
Library Committees
Library Faculty Policy Committee Electronic Publications Task Force, 1996.
 
Serials Board, 1978-1985.
 
Library Long Range Planning Committee Task Group V: Instructional Materials Center, 1982-1984.
 
Library Long Range Planning Committee Drafting Team VI (Collection Development) for response to University Standard 6 (Library) Committee on the accreditation of LSU by Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, 1982-1983.
 
Library committee to develop policy for the CEBA Reading Room, 1978-1979
 
University Committees and Organizations
Secretary, LSU Beta of Louisiana Chapter of Phi Beta Kappa, 2008-
 
Faculty advisory committee for the Jewish Studies program in the College of Arts and Sciences
 
Instructional Materials Center Advisory Council, College of Education, 1982-1985
 
Russian Area Studies Faculty Group, 1978-1985
 
Presentations on Behalf of University Academic Units
Presentation on library resources to the national accreditation team for the College of                    Education, March, 1984
 
Presentation on library resources to the Board of Regents review team for the Department of Criminal Justice, March, 1982.
 
Presentation on library resources to the Council of Social Work accreditation team, February, 1982.
 
Presentation on library resources to the Board of Regents review team for the School of Social Work, September, 1981.
 
Professional Service
Contributions to Juried or Refereed Publications
Referee for the Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 1984-1986, 2000-
 
Referee for the journal Scientometrics since 2006, becoming member of its editorial board in 2010.
 
Referee and Associate Editor serving as a statistical consultant for the online Australian library and information science journal LIBRES, 2010-
 
Referee for the journal Learned Publishing for an article on the impact factor, 2010.
 
Referee for the journal Interlending & Document Supply for an article on library cooperation in Spain, 2006.
 
Referee for the journal Library & Information Science Research for an article on bibliometrics, 1992.
 
Consulting editor for the publishing firm Libraries Unlimited, Inc., of Littleton, Colorado, 1980-1985.
Untitled Document