LSU Databases - Scholary Articles

LSU Libraries Discovery Service

Discovery

Discovery Search Tutorialhttp://www.lib.lsu.edu/instruction/guide_on_the_side/tutorial/ebsco-discovery-service

PubMed

PubMed PubMed

Simple Subject Search in Pub Med video: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/viewlet/search/subject/subject.html

Filters Sidebar in Pub Med video: 

ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health

Nursing and Allied Health Source

ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Search Tutorialhttp://proquest.libguides.com/content.php?pid=374822&sid=3070150

Research Articles vs Review Articles

Research Articles and Review Articles Defined

"A research article is a primary source...that is, it reports the methods and results of an original study performed by the authors. The kind of study may vary (it could have been an experiment, survey, interview, etc.), but in all cases, raw data have been collected and analyzed by the authors, and conclusions drawn from the results of that analysis.

Research articles follow a particular format.  Look for:

  • A brief introduction will often include a review of the existing literature on the topic studied, and explain the rationale of the author's study.  This is important because it demonstrates that the authors are aware of exisiting studies, and are planning to contribute to this existing body of research in a meaningful way (that is, they're not just doing what others have already done).
  • methods section, where authors desribe how they collected and analyzed data.  Statistical analyses are included.  This section is quite detailed, as it's important that other researchers be able to verify and/or replicate these methods.
  • results section describes the outcomes of the data analysis.  Charts and graphs illustrating the results are typically included.
  • In the discussion, authors will explain their interpretation of their results and theorize on their importance to existing and future research.
  • References or works cited are always included.  These are the articles and books that the authors drew upon to plan their study and to support their discussion.

review article is a secondary source...it is written about other articles, and does not report original research of its own.  Review articles are very important, as they draw upon the articles that they review to suggest new research directions, to strengthen support for existing theories and/or identify patterns among exising research studies.  For student researchers, review articles provide a great overview of the exisiting literature on a topic.   If you find a literature review that fits your topic, take a look at its references/works cited list for leads on other relevant articles and books!"

From http://apus.libanswers.com/a.php?qid=153014, "What's the difference between a research and a review article?"

This is an example of a research articlehttp://libezp.lib.lsu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=92897112&site=eds-live&scope=site

This is an example of a review articlehttp://libezp.lib.lsu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edswsc&AN=000278515200012&site=eds-live&scope=site 

Screencast explaining the difference between the to types of articles: http://www.screenr.com/fhsN

 

Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses
Systematic Reviews
"A summary of the clinical literature. A systematic review is a critical assessment and evaluation of all research studies that address a particular clinical issue. The researchers use an organized method of locating, assembling, and evaluating a body of literature on a particular topic using a set of specific criteria. A systematic review typically includes a description of the findings of the collection of research studies. The systematic review may also include a quantitative pooling of data, called a meta-analysis." From http://effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/glossary-of-terms/?filterletter=s
Meta-Analyses
"A way of combining data from many different research studies. A meta-analysis is a statistical process that combines the findings from individual studies." From http://effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/glossary-of-terms/?filterletter=m
Subject Specialist
Picture: Cristina Caminita

Cristina Caminita
Agriculture and Instruction Librarian
Tel: 578-9433

Discovery
Discovery searches the LSU Libraries catalog and many databases.
Limit Your Results
Citation Style Guides - Avoiding Plagiarism
American Medical Association Quick Guide:
http://www.lib.jmu.edu/citation/amaguide.pdf

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Referencing Style Guide:
http://lgdata.s3-website-us-east-1.amazonaws.com/docs/474/853918/JAND_Referencing_Guidelines_Update_Fall_2013.pdf

Generating Citations in Discovery video (AMA ONLY!):
http://www.screenr.com/oCLH
 
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