BEILSTEIN'S' HANDBOOK OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRYA Guide to the Printed Beilstein
Beilstein's Handbuch der Organischen Chemie is a handbook of carbon compounds. This work includes data published over set periods in the scientific literature on the preparation and properties of all carbon compounds. There are six series--the Basic Series and five Supplementary Series; each series is subdivided into 27 volumes. The Chemistry Resources subscription stopped in 1992.
Series of the Beilstein Handbook, Fourth Edition
(began publication in 1918)
|Series||Abbreviation||Period of Literature Covered/Language|
Supplementary Series I
Supplementary Series II
Supplementary Series III
Supplementary Series III/IV *
Supplementary Series IV
Supplementary Series V
Beilstein's descriptions of the carbon compounds include:
|1) constitution and configuration
2) natural occurrence and isolation from natural products
3) preparation, formation, and purification
4) structural and energy parameters of the molecule
|5) physical properties
6) chemical properties
7) characterization and analysis
8) salts and addition compounds
The classification of subject matter in each of the Supplementary Series is the same as that chosen for the 27 volumes of the Basic Series. Any particular volume of each Supplementary Series always contains the same classes of compounds as the volume of the Basic Series with the same number.
The classification of compounds into compound classes and the arrangement of the individual compounds within these classes is determined by the Beilstein System. The compounds viewed as a whole are divided into 3 major groups in the handbook:
Coordinating references at the top of each odd-numbered page of the handbook supplements allow the user to locate related compounds described in earlier series. In turn, if there have been new developments regarding a specific compound in the period of the Supplementary Series, the coordinating page numbers can help to access the new information by moving forward through the supplements using the Basic Series (H) page number.
The heading of each article gives the most important names of the compound first. The remainder of the heading consists of the empirical formula, the constitutional formula, and possibly a back reference to a previous series. The text of the article is uniformly arranged in subject groups.
In general, an article in Beilstein contains the following information about a compound: molecular and structural formula, history, occurrence, formation, preparation, physical properties, chemical reactions, applications, chemical behavior, addition compounds and salts, and transformation products of unknown structure.
A subject index (name index) and formula index of compounds is included at the end of each Beilstein volume. A formula index was introduced with Supplementary Series III. Various indexes have been published since 1957 for Supplementary Series III and IV, and individual volumes are now covered in their own index for the Basic Series and Supplements I-IV. In December of 1991, a name index (Volume 28) covering the volumes through Supplementary Series IV (1771-1959) was completed. A formula index covering 1771-1959 was issued in 1992.
Arrangement in the Chemistry Resources
In the Chemistry Resources, the Beilstein Handbook is arranged chronologically by series; and within each series, by volume and subvolume number.
References to Beilstein
The CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics and Lange's Handbook of Chemistry both provide references to Beilstein.
- In the CRC, Section 3, Physical Constants of Organic Compounds, an entry under the Beil. Ref column of 5-18-11-01234 would be interpreted as follows: the compound will be found in the 5th Series, Volume 18, Subvolume 11, page 1234.
- In Lange's Handbook, Table 1.15, Physical Constants of Organic Compounds, Column "Beilstein Reference", reference will be given to the volume and page numbers of the fourth edition of Beilstein. For example, an entry of 9, 202 indicates the compound can be found in volume 9, page 202 of the 4th edition.
For more detailed instruction, there are several books available on how to use Beilstein:
The Beilstein Online Database. 1990
Covers the implementation of the database, its contents, and how it can be searched on two major online systems (STN and Dialog) for the perspective of industry and academia. Published as part of ACS Symposium Series: 436.
The Beilstein Guide: A Manual for the Use of Beilstein.
Beilstein Dictionary: German-English 1979
A Guide to Beilstein's Handbuch der Organischen Chemie. (audiovisual) 1979
Beilstein Key Manual. (English/German)
A computer program for determining the volume number(s) containing a particular compound by means of a simple question and answer routine.
How to Use Beilstein. 1978
Stereochemical Descriptors in the Beilstein Handbook of Organic Chemistry. 1985
What is Beilstein?
Contents of Beilstein: Representative Examples.
In addition, there are several useful pamphlets from the Beilstein Institute available for use that are shelved with the Beilstein volumes in the Reference Room.
|Auflage = edition
B. = how to make
Band = volume
D = density
Dritter, Drittes = 3rd
Ergänzungswerk = Supplementary Series
Erster = 1st
F = melting point
Formelregister = formula index
Fünfter = 5th
|Gesamtregister = collective index
H = Hauptwerk (Basic Series)
Kp = boiling point
s. = p. (page)
Sachregister = subject index (compound name index)
Seite = page
Teil = part
Vierter = 4th
Zweiter = 2nd
Beilstein Handbook of Organic Chemistry
The Beilstein Handbook of Organic Chemistry covers the literature from 1779 through 1979. These volumes are located in the Reference Area beginning with call number QD251 .B488. In 1991-92, the Comprehensive Compound Name and Formula Indexes were published. These indexes cover all volumes of the Main Series (H) through Supplement IV (literature through 1959). These indexes are volumes 28-29 of the Beilstein Handbook. Starting with Supplement V, covering 1960-1979, Beilstein is in English.
SANDRA (Structure and Reference Analyser)
This is a software program that takes a structure drawn with a mouse and predicts the location in the printed Beilstein. SANDRA is loaded on a computer in the Chemistry Resources. Probably the easiest way to find out if and where the compound is located in Beilstein is to take the predicted volume number from SANDRA and use the formula indexes found at the end of the various volumes to zero in on the appropriate pages.
A Chart on the west wall of the Reference Area lays out the classification of the Beilstein Handbook in visual format using representative molecular structures.
Various guides from the Beilstein Institute.
Beilstein, Electronic Version
Beilstein is now available only in electronic form through MDL Information Systems, acquired by Elsevier in 1997. It was Elsevier's acquisition of Beilstein Information Systems in 1998 that allowed MDL to market the CrossFire Beilstein database, followed soon after by CrossFire Gmelin.
In the area of organic chemistry Beilstein Online is the world's largest factual database. With about 6.5 million heterocyclic, acyclic and isocyclic compounds, the Beilstein database covers the literature from 1779 onwards.
The contents and the data structure are based on the Beilstein Handbook of Organic Chemistry. The online file contains Beilstein handbook data from the Basic Series to Supplement IV, covering the literature from 1779 to 1959, and structures and facts which have been abstracted from the primary literature. Regular updates give you access to the latest information published in the chemical literature. The file is available on the hosts STN and Dialog.
Beilstein Online offers a variety of search options which make this electronic information system an excellent reference tool for organic chemists and information specialists. You can either search for structures, facts, bibliographic information or perform combined searches.
Beilstein's Corporate Mission and Commitment is to
Some German Terms In Synthetic Or Reaction Chemistry As Found In
The Beilstein Handbook Of Organic Chemistry
to start(ing) from
to feed, pass into
inclusion compound, clathrate
to prepare, manufacture
to originate (from), result (from)
to inhibit, prevent
to give, deliver
to transform into
to be converted into
to transform, convert
to combine, join
Some Physical Property Terms Used In The Beilstein Handbook Of Organic Chemistry
|density, specific gravity
percent by weight
ionization constant according to classical theory
ionization constant according to Zwitterion theory
heat of formation
index of refraction
rate of combustion
free enthalpy (Gibbs energy)
fundamental vibrational frequency
heat of hydrogenation
nuclear quadrupole coupling constant
heat of solution
enthalpy of mixing
heat of fusion
vibrational relaxation time
moment of inertia
heat transfer coefficient
Source used in the preparation of this guide:
Guide to Basic Information Sources in Chemistry. 1979